Do you sometimes wonder if you’re ready for the worst? You should always make sure that you have all of the items listed in the checklist below. Most of them are pretty easy to get, and don’t cost all that much, and some of them are so small that they could save your neck.
There are a few things that you should definitely get, but
also, if you have pets, or even older people and families, then you’ll
definitely want to make sure that you have everything on hand for any
You also need to make sure that you pack for at least
several days, and you should have supplies, including water and food, that last
up to 72 hours too. Disaster supplies kit is a lot of basic items that you may
need in the event that emergencies happen, and that’s something you should
What Supplies do you need.
Well, you should first and foremost make sure that you have
airtight plastic bags that are filled with disaster supplies in a couple of
containers, or in a duffel bag.
Water is your first thing that you need. Have a gallon per
person per day for up to three days, not just for drinking, but sanitation too.
The same goes for food, you need at least three days of
non-perishable food. You also should
have some sort of radio, whether batter powered or hand-cranked, and you can
get it with some alerts and such for the worst.
Flashlights or signals such as a whistle or mirror, are
great to have as well in the event of an emergency.
The worst does happen, so you should also make sure that you
do have various first aid kit supplies, along with extra batteries that are
there for you to have on hand.
A dust mask or a filter is also good because it will help
with filtering contaminated air and plastic especially if you know you’re in an
area with compromised air.
Moist towelettes, plastic ties, and various garbage bags are
also good things to have on hand especially if you know that you want to take
care of your personal sanitation.
Wrenches and pliers are good for turning off utilities. You
don’t know how bad it’s going to be, and the last thing you need is a gas leak
on top of everything else, right?
Maps of not just the local area, but other places as well
are definitely worth checking out, and you should try to at least have some of
the local area, since that’s usually where people get into emergency
Cell phones are important too, since usually the reason why
people struggle with survival is, they don’t have enough juice. But, don’t
fully rely on this, because usually, if you a=rely too much on this, it can end
up being a problem since the towers do go out.
To maintain your kit, you should keep the food that’s canned
in a place that’s dry and cooled. Store any food that’s boxes in a tight,
closed plastic or a metal container. You
should replace items that expire as needed. You should also look at the needs
you have each year, updating your kit as the needs change, such as maybe for
kids you have to pack extra stuff for them.
You should always check for the water and the canned
perishables too, since those do end up going bad over time, and it’s better to
ensure that you’re taking care of this, and you’re doing what you feel is
High winds, heavy rainfall, massive flooding, and rip
currents make up only a part of destruction that hurricanes can make. These
violent storms are formed over water and they move towards the land, posing
serious threat to the waterfront homes and businesses.
Thus, it is quite important to ensure proper preparedness
for hurricanes so that the structures and families could remain safe before the
storm strikes. There are a few measures that need to be taken into
consideration in this regard. Some of those measures include the following.
Protecting your family
First, you are going to have to stock up the
supplies which you may need during a disaster situation. Those items mainly
include non-perishable foods, water, clothing, flashlights, batteries, and
other beneficial items which may be required during the time of emergency.
Power outage is a logical consequence that tends
to happen in cause of a weather emergency. Therefore, you have to make sure
that you have access to the battery powered radio. This way, you will be able
to get updates about weather emergency in the area.
Make sure that you have your important
documents, maps, and medications with you in case of emergency.
Learn if there is an emergency evacuation plan.
You can get this information from local emergency management office.
Protecting your pets
Your emergency survival kit should include any
carrier or crate with emergency pet supplies such as blanket, pet food, and
food serving dishes. If your pet requires any medication, make sure that you
have it in the kit.
You need to secure the pet. Make sure that they
are wearing their ID collars. You are going to have to keep their information
Protecting your home
You will need to bring in the home the outdoor
furniture, decorations and everything which may be at the risk of being carried
away by strong winds.
It is very important to clean the gutters and
downspouts to prevent flooding and overflowing.
If you have got enough time to secure your home,
you need to secure the windows with the help of storm shutters or plywood. You
can cut the wooden board right according to the size of your windows and use
those boards for window protection.
Broken branches and debris can be quite damaging
for the exterior of your home. Therefore, you need to trim the trees and shrubs
around your home.
You need to have an electric generator to
produce power in case of the power outage.
Your vehicles need to be fully fueled. This way,
you will be able to get out of the area quickly after the weather emergency is
Make sure that you are fully familiar with the
hurricane evacuation routes.
Evacuations are happening during most hurricanes, and you
should always understand that with all of the different natural disasters in
place, it’s never too early to talk to your family about the emergency
plans. The emergency go-bag should
always be one of the primary focuses of this discussion of course.
Now, depending on the area you live in, some of the natural
disasters include tornadoes, wildfires, hurricanes, flooding, earthquakes, even
terrorist attacks are all things to consider.
You should pack for all of these. You should build an emergency supply kit
not just for temporary means, but also something you can grab right away when
you need it.
Minimally, you should always have food, water, a battery or
a hand-cranked radio, batteries, a flashlight, and a first aid kit. From there, you should also build it based on
how many people you have in your home, or pets as well.
Water is your first thing you should have on hand. Stock
away, and purchase pouches of water or potable water in the event of an
emergency. It’s best to carry you the
filtration system, and you should make sure that you minimally have a filer as
long as you have access to water that runs.
If you’re someone who wants to stash gallons of water, then great, but
the thing is, I’s so much easier with a basic water filtration system.
Water purification tablets are a weightless alternative, but
again, you will need a lot of these, whereas the filtration system might be
good if you already have everything.
You should make sure that you have three days’ worth of
food, whether it be survival food bars that contain your daily calorie limit,
or just a few cliff bars or other energy bars if you want something that’s a
little more palatable.
Lighting and a Whistle
Like they always
say, let there be light, and tea candles and flashlights are probably the best
for a home or dwelling if you need t a lot of light in places.
However, fi the
space is compact, and you need your hands, you should minimally get a headlamp.
Some people don’t
even realize how important lights are, but at night, even small problems will
become bigger problems if you don’t know what you’re doing. Flashlights are
handy, but headlamps are your best. You can get about 200 hours of light on
You also should
minimally have a whistle. This is more important for those survival situations
where you’re lost, especially if you can’t get cellular service, or the battery
poops out. Signal whistles are great for alerting others of your location, and
are wonderful for locating other people if the situation becomes a hazard.
Dust Mark and Solar Chargers
Two things that
people don’t usually remember are these. But, in events where you’re working
with structures, the debris, the fumes, or even gas leaks can cause respiratory
issues. In the event of a fire, it can also affect your ability to breathe. Surgical
or painter’s masks usually work well if you’re on a budget, but there are also
other models that are a bit pricier that will filter out a lot of the little particulates,
and they tend to last longer. Look at what you need to filter out the air best,
and then buy the mask that you’ll use.
Solar chargers are
another one that you should use, and oftentimes, they can charge your devices
such as phones and tablets with a days’ worthof fun. Rechargeable battery packs
are your best option, and it’s a good thing to have on hand. But, one of the
downsides to these types of chargers s that you may have outdated and old
batteries, so you can definitely make it so that you have the right batteries
on hand in the event that you might lose power.
There are also other
items that you might need too, especially medications and prescriptions, especially
those that are used to keep you alive, along with medical items that might be
necessary, such as blood pressure monitors and glucose monitors that you might
need. Diabetes especially will need this too, and if you have glasses, pack a
spare if you can, have sanitary napkins and towelettes, paper maps of your
locale, tweezers, scissors, some duct tape, watches that are wind resistant,
change, cash, and traveler’s checks in the event shat you may have to travel a
little bit in order to stay safe.
What about for One
For those of us who
are alone, you have to be prepared. The goal for the singular person is to find
friends and family, and you should have both evacuation and communication plan,
and you should sit down with the family and discuss it out, and also share with
colleagues and friends what you need in the event that something was to happen,
such as someone outside your immediately family is a able to track you down.
Along with the
basics, there are a few things that those who are alone needed to have on hand.
First, you need a
multi-tool, and they can do everything from help you with first aid to even
making fires and repairing your electronics.
You can get one that comes with a sharp knife, a pair of pliers, and
some tweezers or even a can opener in many cases. You should look for one that you can use for
pretty much any situation. The immense power of these is amazing to behold, and
you should realize what it is that you’re using in each case.
You should also have
extra clothing. Pack for the climate with the weather you experience the most. From
another coat and gloves to even more walking shoes. You’ll want to make sure that you have a base
layer, insulation layers such as puffy jackets or a fleece hooded sweatshirt or
vest, and then finally the wind and rain-resistant, but along with that breathable,
layers as well. Have all of this on hand, especially if you live in a place
that’s susceptible to these types of emergencies.
discussed this before, but you need a weather or emergency radio that can tune
to both AM and FM signals along with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration channel. In the event of emergencies, especially those with
weather related concerns, the radio is your best one for weather partners,
orders of evacuation, or even news from your local authorities. Portable,
powered radios are great for keeping yourself connected with the world outside,
even if you’re in a shelter or stuck in a cellar. There are so many different
types, and they can work based off a battery, hand crank, solar energy, or even
No matter what you
get though, this is the basics that you should have on hand. For families, you
might want to consider other items such as mylar blankets for everyone, bleach
to help keep everything that’s in your home and to treat waters, and waterproof
containers for everyone’s valuable documents. This is all very important.
Have all this on
hand, and you’ll be ready for everything.
If we look at the per capita water use, we will see the
western states consuming more water than other regions in the US. Out of ten
states with the highest per capita water, nine are the western states. The main
reason for this higher water consumption is the land irrigation. And it would be
worth mentioning that western states see less rainfall as compared to other
states. In these states, the water use averages about 130 gallons per person
per day.In the rest of the United States, this number is 89 gallons per person
In this scenario, the best way to converse water, if you are
living in the west, is to water less. Even in summers, lawns and gardens can be
maintained well if they get half inch of water per week. The water requirement
gets even lesser in autumn and winter. If you see that water is running down
the gutter, you are probably using too much water. You can get information from
Ready.gov for landscape watering which mainly includes planting drought
tolerant plants and the plants grouping based on how much water each of the
group may need.
Next thing that you are going to have to keep in mind is the
mechanism to reduce water consumption by repairing leaks. According to
Ready.gov, one drop per second leads to the wastage of 2,700 gallons of water
per year. In many situations, the leak repair work is as smaller and easier as
replacing a washer in the faucet. Moreover, you are also going to have to check
plumbing for water leaks.
Reduction of the indoor water use is the next thing that you
need to do if you want to conserve water. According to a survey, an average
family in the US uses 300 gallons of water per day. And about 70 percent of
that water is used indoors.
The indoor use of water mainly consists of flushing in the
toilet and bathing. While older toilers use 4 gallons of water per flush, newer
models use 1.6 gallons. However, either model tends to use more water if it
leaks. You need to check for the leak if you hear water running between the
You also need to check the shower heads. Look at the number
written on the shower head. The number will be like 1.0gpm or 1.5gpm. GPM
refers to ‘gallons per minute’. This number denotes the maximum flow the shower
head allows. Older shower heads allow up to 5 gallons of water to flow out in a
minute. On the other hand, the water saving shower heads allow a flow of 2
gallons of water per minute. Therefore, it is quite necessary to replace older
shower heads with the new ones.
These are a few measures that can help you to save water for
a drought situation. As a matter of fact, a general conservation of water can
help prevent a drought situation.
According to the basic definition, an emergency survival kit
is the set of household items which you may need during an emergency situation.
A few items in the kits may vary from person to person due to personal
preferences but majority of items are usually the same.
What you need to know about emergency survival kit is that
it is your only way to survive during times of crisis and disaster. The main
purpose of this kit is to help you prevent majority of difficulties during
difficult times.As long as your basic necessities are being fulfilled, you
should be able to survive an emergency situation. This is the main purpose of
an emergency survival kit.
Items that should be present in an emergency survival kit
First, you are going to have to focus on the items that you
need to survive. These survival items are surely your foods and water. But that
is just the start. There are a lot of other items that fall under the category
of essentials. The essential items include:
First aid kit
Moist towel paper and garbage bags
Cell phone charger and a decent way to produce
electricity (i.e. solar charger)
All these items help you not only in surviving during
difficult times but also to stay updated about the disaster situation. You
should also be able to call for help using some of these items.
What needs to be done with the kit?
The main purpose of emergency survival kit is to provide you
necessary items to use in the time of emergency. It means that these items need
to be ready to use at that time. If your kit has remained unused for years,
there is a mighty chance that most of the items in the kits are going to be
unfit for use. Flashlight batteries can become dead and the foods can spoil
badly. Best thing that you can do in these scenarios is to make sure that you
update your survival kit twice n every year.
Keeping the kit handy
Ideally, you need to keep an eye on the weather situation.
There are services that can tell when a disaster is expected to strike. Make
sure that you have proper way to remain updated about those estimates. Using
this knowledge, you can keep your emergency survival kit at the place from
where you can access it easily. In many situations, disaster gives no time to
make preparations. Therefore, it is ideal to keep the kit in ready state.
Make sure that you have a separate kit ready in the home,
office, and school.
Emergency preparedness is important to ensure your safety
during any emergency situation. In this scenario, one of the most important
things to take into consideration is the preparation of an emergency survival
While it is ideal for every individual in the family to have
a separate emergency survival kit, preparing these kits might not work out for
many families from the perspective of their finances. In this scenario, it is
pretty much important to prepare a large emergency kit for the entire family.
Although survival kits are prepared with a concept that you
can carry them anywhere, it is not practically easy to actually carry these
kitseverywhere you want. So, it is very important to make sure that your kit is
not quite stuffed to be difficult to move. And at the same time, it needs to be
large enough to ensure effective survival of your entire family for 3 days.
So, it is worth mentioning what you need to put in your
family emergency kit.
Food needs to be your number one priority while preparing an
emergency survival kit. And while putting food in the kit, you have to make
sure that you are not just keeping the quantity of food in consideration but
you are also paying attention to the daily calorie-count for each of your
family members. For this purpose, you will need to note down the calorie needs and gather the food items based on this calorie count.
You are going to have to make sure that you get
non-perishable foods only while preparing an emergency survival kit. Dried
fruits and nuts, trail mix, high-calorie energy bars, and granola bars should be
added in abundance.
Infant formula and diapers
If you have got infants with you, you have got to make sure
that you have enough of the infant formula for their sustenance. Moreover, you
are going to have to put enough diapers in the kit to meet your infants’
72-hour needs. And make sure that you are not putting cloth diapers in the kit.
While your children may be potty-trained, they might not be able to cope with
the stressful situations. You will have to keep their requirements in mind as
Personal hygiene of every person is quite important no
matter wherever they live. Therefore, keeping washcloths, wipes, toiletries and
spare toothbrushes in the emergency survival kit is very important.
Important documents mainly include birth certificates,
social security cards and passports. Make sure that you have kept these
documents in waterproof bags.
While we are mentioning water in the last part of this
article, it is one of the most important items to keep. As a rule of thumb,
there should be one gallon of water per day for one individual. If your family
is based on 4 members, you are going to have to keep 12 gallons of water in the
72-hour family kit. And if you are heading to an area where there is abundance
of water, such as a water stream, you only need to have a water purifier.
Wildfire and other types of disasters are as dangerous for
the pets as they are for the humans. As a matter of fact, animals can be the
biggest victims here because they cannot do much to protect themselves in
advance. In this scenario, it is worth talking about the incident of wildfire
that happened in San Luis Rey Downs Training Center in San Diego Countyon December
10, 2017. 46 racehorses died and a trainer was injured due to this wildfire.
Although animal control officers worked well to evacuate the
animals to prevent an even bigger damage, they struggled a lot because people
were not quite prepared to save their animals.
The reason to discuss this matter is that people normally do
not pay proper attention to their pets while getting prepared for emergency
situations. Since pets are considered family members, they need to be saved
from disasters and transported out safely from the area of impact.
Talking about the incident mentioned above, Ventura County
Animal Services field operations supervisor Brian Bray told Ventura County Star:
“What we’ve noticed is a lot of transportation issues as far as livestock
and large animals, people not having enough trailers or not being able to get
them out quickly enough.”
It is worth asking here if you have a pet carrier. If you
have one, how big is it? According to the recommendation by The Humane Society
of the United States, the carrier needs to be large enough to allow the pet to
stand, turn around and lie down comfortably. Small pets can be secured using
small cages with blankets, towels and other species-specific protective items.
To make the pet’s company more stress-free, you can bring pet’s bed and toys.
There are times when you and your family members are away
from home and your area is struck by a disaster. For such situations, you need
to request your neighbors in advance to take care of your pets. You can give
them the key and show them where your pets are going to be during your absence.
Since many of the shelters do not allow pets, you can take
get to your relatives or friends living in the safe locations. That’s where you
can live with your pets without any worry.Humane Society of the United States
has the similar recommendation for the pet owners in this regard.
Another way is to search for the pet-friendly hotels
beforehand. You can search for these hotels online. However, you need to keep
it in mind that these hotels may charge you extra for the pets.
Another important thing to consider is the pet food. Make
sure that you have 5 days’ worth of foods for your pets in your emergency
survival kit. This food storage also includes water. Also include garbage bags
in the kit to deal with the pet wastes. Moreover, it is quite important to have
first aid for pets.
If you host parties at home, you know how to make
preparations before the guest arrive. But sometimes, there is one guest who
tries to arrive early just to make sure that you are not able to make full preparation
for the other guests.
There is a lot of similarity between such parties and
hurricane season. You make preparation for entire season but you do not see
that one storm coming quite early. This storm or hurricane can catch you at the
moment when you are not ready; and it can be pretty disastrous.
Good thing is that National Hurricane Center has updated
measures to know about the early arrivers before they hit an area. Knowing the
details released by NHC can help you stay prepared for the hurricanes
beforehand. In this scenario, it would worth sharing the tips to stay prepared
to deal with the hurricanes.
Hurricanes can be quick and disastrous. And you might not
find it a good idea to stay in the home. In such scenarios, leaving the danger
zone seems the best bet. In this situation, you need to be ready to live away
without getting into a lot of trouble. That’s where you are going to need an
emergency survival kit. The items which need to be always present in your
emergency survival kit include blankets, flashlights (including spare
batteries) and a fully updated first aid kit. Make sure that you have at least
three worth of food ready in the survival kit. You can consider having
non-perishable foods in the kit.
Securing the property
First of all, you need to bring the outside furniture and
other items like bicycles into the home interior. Cover your windows using
storm shutters. If you do not have storm shutters, you can use plywood sheets
to fully cover the windows. Trees and shrubs in in your home can be quite
helpful here. Make sure that they are properly trimmed. The branches of the
trees can be quite helpful in keeping your home’s exterior safe from the impact
of strong hurricane winds.
Emergency evacuation plan
Many communities, which are at a risk of being struck by
hurricanes, have hurricane evacuation routes. Make sure that you have learnt
those routes. You can teach those routes to your children because hurricane is
an emergency situation in which every individual has to act right on his/her
Effective communication can help you a lot during emergency
survival, especially when you are not with your family. Have to make sure that
you have a robust communication plan to specifically deal with the emergency situation.
Have your kids memorize your phone number and make sure that you have contact
details of your relatives living out of the town.
As a homebuyer, your goal is to find a dream home. You may
be able to find such a home and it may also lie in the price range of your
expectations. But there is one problem that looks quite bothersome, i.e. it is
situation in a flood zone.
At this time, you need to look at the options that you can
avail. You will need to have better understanding about making a decision
whether or not this home is right for you. A few tips are worth mentioning in
Consider the type of flood zone the home is in
Not every area in a flood zone is at the risk of severe
flooding. By doing a little research, it will be easier for you to know that
many of the homes and neighborhoods are located in a Federal Emergency
Management Agency (FEMA) flood zone. It also includes the homes which are at a
minimal risk of getting affected by the flood. You don’t need to be alarmed if
the home you are looking for is located in a zone X or C.These are the zones
with lowest risk.
The zones with highest risk of flooding are labeled as A or
V.Do your research and if you have found a home in these areas, it would be
better not to consider buying home in such area.
The year the home was built
It is better to refer to the topographic map created by FEMA
in order to have better understanding about the level of risk and hazard within
a floodplain. Such kinds of maps basically tell about the zoning areas and
construction plans. Based on this information, construction companies can avoid
building homes in high risk zones.
These maps are usually updated on regular basis. The reason
for bringing this update in the map is to spot any change in the zone. For
instance, any home built in the low risk area might become unfit to live in if
the area is found to have become vulnerable to high risk of flooding.
Low risk is still a risk
While you may not consider the word ‘low risk’ something
that raises an alarm, low risk is still a risk to be kept in mind. Many people
do not make proper arrangements to deal with the flooding even if they know
they their home is located in a low risk zone. It can turn out to be a serious
mistake. Make sure that you have prepared your home for the floods.
Earthquake is an emergency situation in which things can get
quite serious for the people living in the affected area. Lack of preparedness
and lack of action at the time of need can increase fatality rate in an
earthquake situation. While normal people can respond to such situations in a
pretty efficient manner, real issues are for the people with mobility issues.And
it is worth mentioning here that earthquake preparedness requirements for
people with mobility issues are pretty different from those for normal people
who can act fast.
Earthquake preparedness is different for people with
Earthquake can hit any area at any time. In these
situations, mobility issues as well as other disabilities can make thing even
more complicated. Therefore, it is pretty much important to be prepared for any
For people with disability, it is pretty much important to
get to safety and evacuating during an earthquake.
One of the solutions during an emergency situation is to
drop on the floor, find a cover and hold the position until the earthquake is
over. However, the people who have injuries in their backs are rarely able to
get out of the cover once the earthquake is over.
If you have such disability and you know that you cannot do
things on your own, there are some guidelines that you will find very helpful.
Be in contact with a personal support network
(PSN). Make sure that they at walking distance and they have quicker access to
your home during the emergency situation.
You need to properly assess your situation. Can
you move even on a wheelchair? Do you have enough to eat and drink? Is your
wheelchair an electric one? If your home wheelchair friendly? Can you reach the
exit points in an efficient manner?
Your plan needs to involve rendezvous points,
contact other people, getting to the escape routes, and taking care of your
pets if you have any.
Make sure that you have an emergency survival
Assembling a survival kit for earthquake
If you ask disaster experts, they will advise you to have at
least 7 days’ worth of supplies. The items that should be in your earthquake
survival kit mainly include the following:
Enough water: the general rule of keeping water
in emergency survival kit is that there should be one gallon for one person per
A first aid kit which needs to include essential
as well as prescription medications
A sleeping bag
Flashlight with extra batteries
Good quality knife and a knife opener
Copies of your personal documents which are
Enough cash to spend during the days in which
you have to ensure your survival
Map of the area
Hygiene items including toiletries
Water purification kit
What to do during an earthquake
During an earthquake, you need find a safe spot in your home
and get their as soon as you can. Lock the wheels of wheelchair and cover your
head with your arms. Wait for the shaking to stop. If you cannot find a safe
spot, just try to get as much cushioning as you can to ensure safety of your
neck and head. Pillows and blankets can be quite helpful
in this regard.