Are you in Danger of COVID-19 in the Water?

Can you get the coronavirus from swimming, or does chlorine kill it? We’ll answer these questions here!

With beaches and lakes being flooded with people during memorial day weekend even with a stay-at-home order, you might wonder if this can infect you if you go swimming. The main way is through respiratory droplets, and that happens within 6 feet of another person. So what does it mean in bodies of water.  Currently, the CDC says there’s no evidence that you can get the coronavirus through swimming in the pool, and that if you clean it with chlorine or bromine should inactivate the virus. So why are pools remaining closed? Well it’s because it spreads easily. For example, if someone spits out a mouthful of water, that can infect people close on by. There is also the fact that humans love to shit on the shallow end sand some will play a game and they’re more likely to get it from the saliva of people talking and shouting.

Not only that, they tend to have a lot of surfaces which are touched a lot, such as railings and steps. This is hard to fully keep cleaned out, and bathrooms, lunch lines, and even shady indoor areas can get flooded with people and foot traffic. So simply put, it isn’t that case, mostly because humans love to touch things.

But what about the lake or beach? Well some places have them closed off to prevent the spread. Again, it’s because of how many people are there.  many beaches in California are closed, while others are open for active recreation, which might be enforced by a beach patrol vehicle or lifeguards. So hanging out to grill or go on a picnic won’t happen. You should limit the people that go to the beach with you. Water is safe as long as you social distance from others you’re not in close contact with a lot.  If someone is sick and the coronavirus is in the water, it’s very unlikely to transmit this, since this can dilute the secretions, making it difficult for those particles to come in contact with you.

The problem is, you might not even know that someone’s infected, because there are asymptomatic people.

So can you go outside with friends on the lake.  This can spread more easily in enclosed areas or those who share the same air, which is why the opening of curbside pickups and outdoor dining is being phased.  You should check to see if these small gatherings are allowed.  You might have to rain check it as well if you’re not limited to only the people at home. Also look if you spend time with older people or those with a compromised immune system. Make sure you stay away from others, and don’t load the boat up with a bunch of people sitting near one another, and don’t share drinks.  Try to discourage reusable cups as well.  You should keep everything socially distant.

So yes, while it can be safe, please use your best judgement, and make sure that you’re being smart and safe. Remember just because it’s getting warmer doesn’t mean the coronavirus magically went away.

Plasma Potentially able to Boost Survival Rate of Coronavirus patients

A new study of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 says that the technique of plasma transfusions could improve the survival rates if they’re done early enough. 

While this did happen at New York Mt. Sinai’s hospital, it hasn’t undergone the normal peer review process that’s needed for publication within medical or scientific resources. But during the coronavirus emergency, many researchers are giving out the results when they can get them.  About 18% of patients who had the plasma ended up worsening, but the 24% of those who did get it ended up getting better with time.

After 16 days, 13% of the recipients died, which is compared to the 24% of the controlled ones.  72% of them were discharged compared to the 67% in the control group. So it did conclude that this could be a potentially efficacious treatment for those with COVID-19, but there is some data that suggests that the non-intubated patients might benefit more than those who need ventilators.

However, this does come with one caveat and that this is a retrospective case controlled study, and it doesn’t have the rigor that the randomized controlled testing will need to be done.  But this does show some promise that the plasma is effective as a solution.  This is an approach that might provide the first solid data for those who wat to protect themselves against this disease.

This is also in comparison to other treatments for example, hydroxychloroquine and remdesvir.  These were other treatments that would supposedly help with fighting this disease, but that isn’t the case.  The plasma variant has a much higher improvement in survival compared to these other drugs.

However, there was no significant improvement for the intubated patients before this therapy, but that might be because the lung damage was too severe to respond to the treatment that is happening.  That means that it may not work for those who need ventilation, and an alternative solution needs to be found in that case.

This was originally raised in March when a paper published it, since this was a procedure that was used during the polio, influenza, measles, and mumps outbreaks. It was also used during H1N1 along with the Ebola epidemic to decent results.

While every virus and disease is of course different, this does provide a reassuring and useful possible hope during all of this happening right now.  This might be good as well for developing plasma treatments too over time.

While the latest study is promising, experts do advise against the search for a treatment that’s quick for it, since they don’t want a repeat of the other drugs where it was used without any evidence of efficacy and safety, thereby making this worse.  They don’t want this to be a flavor of the month treatment, but instead something that could potentially help those who want a legitimate coronavirus treatment.

We have to wait and see though if this works. While there is a lot of research being done, they’re working as fast as they can to stop this mass pandemic from getting worse.

Moderna’s Vaccine Trial Shows Participants Developed Antibodies to COVID-19.

There were some volunteers who received the COVID-19 vaccine from Moderna that proved positive in results.  These guys partnered with the national institutes of health to create a vaccine.  If this goes well, this could possibly be available to the public as early as January, which is good news, and something that people have been waiting for.  This of course, comes from the phase 1 trial, which shows a small number of people and focuses on whether the vaccine gets an immune response and is of course safe.  They haven’t been peer reviewed por published yet in terms of results though.

Moderna is a company based in Massachusetts and is one of the eight different developers worldwide doing clinical trials for humans with a vaccine placed against the virus.  There are two others that are in the US, and one in Britain, and four in China.  Moderna has vaccinated many study participants and looked at the antibodies in eight of them. All eight had neutralizing antibodies to the virus at levels that are higher in those who have naturally recovered from COVID-19 according to studies.  The antibodies bound to the virus and disabled from the human cells.  This of course shows that these antibodies are able to block the virus, and this is one of the first steps to creating a vaccine.  A vaccine specialist that isn’t involved in Moderna does think this is great, since not only does it show the antibody is working, but it also prevented the virus from infecting the other cells that are there as well.

However, while it does have good results in the lab, it isn’t known if it’ll protect the people from the virus in the real world.  This is to begin the phase 2 trials, which typically involve about a few hundred people, and of course the large scale trials will be in July. These can involve tens of thousands of people.

It was said before the pandemic that vaccine developers would normally test this out on thousands before phase 3, but its extremely unlikely to have that many before July, since only a few dozens have been vaccinated so far.  It makes sense of Moderna to move to phase 3 without vaccinating a ton of people since there are thousands that die every single day.  It’s different, and time of course of the essence.

Dr. Fauci of the national Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease actually side it would take 12-18 months for a vaccine to be on the market, but with an estimate for the vaccine, it does put that right on the delivery date of hi estimation next year.

In the study, three participants did have the symptoms of a fever and flu, and it was when they got the vaccine at around 250 micrograms.  Some will anticipate the phase 3 study will be smaller than that.  So far, the study subjects were vaccinated at a smaller level than the first one, and in most cases, the antibodies were higher than those who naturally got the coronavirus. But it isn’t clear whether the natural infection confers the immunity, so it’s not clear whether this will confer the immunity.  The thing is, we don’t know yet, but there is a chance for a vaccine every single day.

How to Keep Yourself Healthy At All Times

Do you wear a face mask? Do people stay at least 6 feet away from you? Do you touch things with your hands? Well, as the lockdown restrictions ease and cities reopen, you might want to change how you go to places.  The risk won’t go away, but until herd immunity happens or we have a vaccine, we should be careful. Since it can be passed by those who are asymptomatic and it’s highly contagious, it’s imperative to stay alert, and here is how.

First, don’t get too comfy. While the causes and deaths are going up and down, plenty of leaders are saying that the growth rates are slowing down in pockets, but there could be a second wave of infection. If we pull back too soon, there might be a second wave that is much worse. Even as nonessential businesses and public places open up again, you have to remember that this hasn’t disappeared. Just because the restrictions are lifting doesn’t mean you won’t get it.  You should think twice about what to do once this ends.

Wearing a face mask is something that you should definitely consider. While it is a voluntary healthy measure in places with large transmission rates and in places where you can’t maintain social distancing, some places are making it mandatory, such as in the stores.  If you’re taking a walk, you should try to keep a face covering on, so you don’t avoid the side eye or the lectures in stores.

Next, don’t make shopping trips a form of entertainment.  Sure it’s boring, but the symptoms of COVID-19 are scary and for people who have it it can take weeks to recover.  You don’t want this, and you should limit our exposure to others.  You should get what you get and not browse the aisles as well.

If you’re still using your hands to press buttons for the walk signs and such, you need to stop.  You should try to use a different body part for this.  you should learn to tap out the PIN codes with your knuckles instead of your fingertips. Learn to open up doors with your shoulders, feet, or even hips.  You can use sleeves and jackets as well to open up things too. Consider using your clothes as well that you can wash so that you don’t have to expose your skin to this either.

Finally, continue to keep your distance, and keep a boundary between you and others when you do go out.  You should keep that six feet boundary whenever possible, and try to go on bikes and such, and keep picking up food to go.  The more distance that you give, the better it’ll be, and it can be a way to keep you away from others and potentially getting infected.

While it can be hard, making sure you set aside reusable bags is a good thing to do.  You can’t really reuse them now but washing anything that comes into your house is a good thing.

While this whole thing has changed the way society is, it definitely is something that you want to keep in mind, and something you should definitely watch out for, for your own health and safety.

COVID-19 Prevention Tips and Strategies

The new coronavirus is an infection that can lead to COVID-19.  It’s a respiratory infection, and it can spread and cause life-threatening issues in some people. It does survive in the air and on various surfaces long enough to infect people, and it does multiply faster in the body than other viruses even if you’re now showing symptoms, and you can pass on the virus without symptoms at all.

Some have mild to moderate symptoms, but you can never be too careful, and in this article, we’ll highlight some important preventative tips for you.

First, was your hands carefully and frequently.  Lather the wrists, between your fingers, and under the fingernails. You can use an antibacterial along with an antiviral soap. Also, consider using hand sanitizer too. Make sure to wash your hands a few times each day, especially after touching your phone or laptop.

Try to avoid touching your face as much as you can, since the virus can live on harder surfaces for up to 72 ours, so make sure to not touch your face, and avoid biting the fingernails.

You also shouldn’t be touching anyone right now.  Don’t be the reason someone gets this.  shaking hands and hugging others will spread this.

Don’t share personal items.  Try not to share straws and eating utensils.  Try to use reusable straw, cups, and other dishes, and try to keep it to just one person.

Make sure to cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze. This is usually how it travels, and it can land and be there for up to three days.  Use a tissue or sneeze into the elbow and then keep your hands as clean as possible. Wash your hands carefully regardless, but do so more now.

Make sure to clean and disinfect the surfaces you use. This can live there for a few days, so make sure that the door handles, countertops, toys, furniture, and even your phone and other devices should be cleaned too. Disinfect areas once you’ve finished bringing in groceries. Use white vinegar or hydrogen peroxide solutions for better cleaning and disinfecting surfaces.

Make sure to also take social distancing seriously. It can be found in your spit, and it can happen even if you don’t have symptoms. Stay home and work remotely whenever you can.  If you must do this, keep a distance of 6 feet from others, and you can transmit this by steaking to a person in close contact with you.

With that, also don’t gather in groups.  This can cause the spread to move faster and further, and you should try to avoid any place where you might sit or stand too close to another person.

Finally, try to avoid eating or drinking in other places.  It isn’t’ time to go out to eat, so you should avoid the eateries.  This can be transmitted through food and silverware, and it might be airborne too.  You can still get delivery or takeout food, and make sure that you can cook this thoroughly and make sure it can be reheated.  You should avoid cold foods as much as possible, and of course, food from salad bars and buffets.

Finally, if you are sick, make sure to stay away from others, and call your doctor if you do have symptoms. Do make sure to wash a mask too.

This is very important to do, and if you want to prevent others from getting sick and flattening the curve, this is a good way to do it.

How to Keep Yourself Safe During the Coronavirus Pandemic

It’s nearly impossible to stay in your home the whole time during this lockdown. You need to run errands and get some fresh air and do healthy activities. But this also does put you at risk of getting it from people, and that can endanger you.

Homemade masks along with social distancing are the two most useful precautions, but there is more that you can do. Remember, this can be passed along by those who are asymptomatic too.

The first thing that you’ll want to do is wear face masks in public.  Since this is rapidly spreading, it is recommended to wear it in places with high transmission rates, and places where you can’t properly socially distance over time.  You should consider getting a mask with breathable fabric, or a surgical mask if you’re going outside.

Next, don’t think trips are a source of entertainment. The point of these shelter in place order is to keep you from spreading it to other people. Yes, it can be incredibly boring, but the thing is, the symptoms can be nasty, and they can last a while. If you don’t want this, limit your exposure to others, and shop quickly and efficiently.  It is very tempting to get out and to browse the aisles to pass time, but there are other ways to entertain yourself that you should consider doing.

Next, stop pressing the buttons for crosswalks with your fingertips.  Use your feet, knees, elbows, and even your knuckles or your wrist instead. Any time you have to open doors, push buttons, or even pull something or even digitally sign items, use another body part.  You can use a knuckle to tap in your PIN at the AMT for example rather than a finger, and you can use your shoulders, butt, or even feet to open up the door rather than your hands. You can use a wrist or elbow to flip a switch, or you can use an article of clothing to help prevent touching it if you must.  It’s easy enough where once you’re done, you can toss it, rather than put yourself at risk.

Continue to distance yourself. Keep six feet away from those outside of the house isn’t just something that you should be doing, you should also keep yourself away from others at the store, when you walk outside, or even getting food to go.  If you need to keep more distance, you should step back and ask for the person to give you some more room.

When going outside, try to consider an automatic option when you’re getting items. Most of the modern buildings will have accessibility buttons in the area in order to help with mobility concerns. But use another body part to open the door up. Consider automatic soap dispensers as well, so you don’t have to worry about transferring germs.

Finally, watch where you put your phone. Our phones are riddled with germs. You can put it down or in a coat pocket or purse. Try to avoid it on surfaces. The less you expose this, the better it can be for you.  Make sure that you do wipe down your phone when you’re done with it, so that you’re not dealing with the risk of carrying germs.

All of these should be used when you’re trying to stop the spread. Stopping it now helps you much more later, so it’s something you should definitely consider if you’re looking for an effective way to prevent this.

Who is Immune to the Coronavirus

While there are many uncertainties about COVID-19 currently, one of them that’s at the topic of everyone’s mind is immunity.  Immunity after infection can range from lifelong to nonexistent.  There’s only some glimmers of data about the immunity of this.

What can you do in this situation? Well, the best way to do it is to construct a concept of the model, and assumptions on how immunity works, based on knowledge of your immune system, and information about the viruses, in order to identify how each aspect of the model might work or not work, and from there, set out work to improve the understanding with experimenting and observation.

There is a more complicated form of immunity with this, since large groups of such will jump from the animal hosts to the humans. The 2003 outbreak of SARS is an example of tis.

The immunity comes not from the SARS or MERS models, since those infected a smaller population, but after looking at those who survived the infections, the defenses are supposed to persist for a bit, with two years for SARS, and almost 3 for MERS but, the neutralizing ability of this was declining as well when it was studied.

From these studies, there was an educated guess on what’ll happen with patients that have contracted COVID-19. After you’re infected, there will be an immune response, with some being better than others. The response will over some protection for at least a year, but then the effectiveness will decline.

It’s true that infection creates immunity in most people, and the protection will last for a year or more.  Then, the infection will increase the numbers of people within the population. From there, it creates herd immunity. As more become immune to the virus, an infected person has less of a chance of being around people that are susceptible to the infection. The herd immunity becomes pervasive enough it can have an infected person averaging less than the other.  This will reduce the cases. If the herd immunity is widespread enough, even in the absence of the measures to slow the transmission, the virus will be contained until immunity reduces, or enough new people that are susceptible to infection are birthed.

The problem with this, however, is that testing is too limited in most cases. If the undercounting is around the same level in other countries, then the majority of people in the world would be susceptible to the infection, and herd immunity is minor currently. Long-term control of the virus does depend on getting people to become immune, through infection and then recovery or through vaccination. How large a majority does depend on other parameters.

There is also the concern of reinfection though.  About 9% currently have I some cases. Fi some were reinfections, that does cast doubt on the strength of this.

There is the chance though that’s more likely most of them had a false negative test on the infection, which means that there is an inability to distinguish the new infection from other infections.

For now, it’s reasonable to think that only a minority is immune, even in hard-hit locations. How can this tentative picture evolve as data comes along? There is a chance that it could.

There is a chance that many more are happening than being reported, which means that there is an error in the numbers. There is also the testing debacle as well.

There is a chance that the herd immunity is growing, depending on things, but who knows.  The best thing we can do, is to wait and see.

How does COVID-19 Affect Cats and Dogs

Coronaviruses have been in animals for many years, but only a few are known to infect humans.  The most current one is very easy to spread from human to human, as we’ve seen. Over 1.3 million are infected.

However, it can also hit animal cells too.  The disease is theorized to have originated within horseshoe bats in china, before it jumped to another animal, and from there found the way into humans. The virus is able to put itself into cells by binding to the cell surface protein that’s known as the ACE2, which is present within many species.

This virus has been found to infect a tiger, and did so in the Bronx zoo, but the cases are rare. The transmission is low, and there’s no reason to think you’ll get the disease from the felines in the neighborhood.

However, pet owners should still take caution, and here, we’ll highlight what you need to know about this as a pet owner.

Can it infect animals?

The virus itself isn’t hard to please when it comes to potential hosts, since they’ve been found in many species.  There is a doc that tested “weakly positive” for this and later died. Another cat tested positive for this. Of course, the pets were living with human owners which were infected, and the timing of this does demonstrate it.  Most of the time though, the pet has to live with a human to have this transmit.

Cats can be infected with this, and they might spread it via the respiratory droplets.  The infected animals were put next to those without the disease, and it does spread. But the cats don’t show the outward signs.

However, dogs are much more resistant.  These were based off laboratory experiments, but might demonstrate that while it does happen, it’s incredibly unlikely.

Can other Animals Be infected?

The answer is yes, if they have a protein called ACE2 in them. That’s because the virus has spiky projections that latch onto these proteins. The spikes then lock it into place, and that’s how it replicates. Currently, it replicates poorly within horses, sheep, pangolins, goats, pigeons, and lynx, so those animals are deemed safe.

But, of course, there is the instance of the animal in the US getting it from a zookeeper, which is possible.

Can I get it From My Pet

There’s still not a bunch of information on it. But there is lack of evidence that demonstrates it.  There is no evidence that companion animals play a part in this.  But you definitely should be careful.

The risk of getting this from a pet’s fur is very low.  The thing is though, it’s not zero, since this can survive on surfaces and will transmit via droplets. So, if you pet a dog that was recently petted by someone with COVID-19, there is a risk there, but it’s low.  However, after you interact with a dog or cat, you should wash your hands.  People are more risk to their pets than the pets are to you.

So how do you protect the furry companions you have? The simple answer is prevention.  You should prevent infection as best as you can, since they are key to treating this.

That’s all there is on whether or not COVID19 can be spread to pets, and right now, while there’s still tests underway, will definitely be further researched in the future.

The New Coronavirus can Live for 2-3 Days on Surfaces: here’s how to Clean Them

How long does the coronavirus live on surfaces like door handles? Well, accordingto recent studies, this virus can survive on stainless steel and plastic for up to 72 hours, and cardboard for up to 24 hours. The virus is capable of remaining for this long. While the WHO has previously said that surfaces could have it on there for up to a few days based on research, there are new studies saying that it could be longer.

But, it’s only viable on copper for about 4 hours.

The survival rate was tested based off a series of experiments, and from this, it’s been seen that there is a ballpark estimation on the survival of this.

UV light is a very powerful disinfectant, so sunlight helps diminish the infectivity of this virus on some surfaces. The thing is though, this is still being studied. What about food?  There is major concern on this since it’s going directly to you while it’s not fully known yet, there are a few care tips that you can follow to help protect you.

First, you should learn to wipe right. Use ammonia or alcohol-based products. Don’t use baby wipes to clean off surfaces since it’s not as useful as other products.

The good thing about this virus is it doesn’t require unique cleaning, so literally just use soap and water.  You need alcohol-based wipes for it to be effective. You also can make bleach spray yourself by mixing bleach with a quart of water.

Next, you should be washing your hands pretty much as much as you can. Lather the hands up with some soap, and from there scrub for about 20 or so seconds. Make sure that you’re through with this, and spend time rubbing the back of your hands along with the front, and interlace the fingers and push them through, then soap up your thumbs and make sure to get your fingernails too.

Then there is hand sanitizer. This is effective at killing viruses, but hand washing is much better. However, is you plan to use hand sanitizer, you need something that’s at least 60% alcohol.  Since thereisa shortage, a lot of DIY recipes are being put forth, but you shouldn’t use anything with a concentration of under 60%.  That’s because it won’t be effective in killing off the coronavirus.

Finally, make sure that you get your smartphone too.  Smartphones are covered in bacteria, including the really severe ones.  Phones are held close to where the germs enter the body, so make sure that you do wipe it down.  And you don’t have to rub it down for long if you’re using an alcohol sanitizer, just a few seconds should be enough to disinfect the surface.

You should also stop touching your face. Your face is a service that has plenty of germs on it, but the thing is, the coronavirus can immediately seep into your mouth, nose or eyes if you’re not careful.  A lot of times, if you feel like touching your mouth with your hands, what you should do is touch a raw onion.  You should smell the distinct smell on your fingers when you do this, and while it might make you antisocial, who cares about that when you’re social distancing.

Taking care of the surfaces that you work with is essential, so if you’re not careful, you might get it.  Be smart, and be safe, and make sure that you keep all the surfaces in your area nice and clean. n

Reducing Anxiety of Coronavirus: Facts and Less Media Go a Long Way

If you have turned on the news or radio in the past couple of weeks, you have undoubtedly heard the word “coronavirus.” With constant reports that the virus has spread to this or that country, health organizations are scrambling to trace the spread, quarantines of cruise ships, and a rising death toll, it would seem almost impossible not to worry about the strange new virus going around the globe. So how does one stay safe in the midst of coronavirus panic without letting anxiety turning them into an agoraphobe?


What is the Coronavirus?
While news reports typically just say “the coronavirus,” the virus currently spreading is merely one out of a group of viruses known as coronaviruses. Because it was previously unidentified, it is sometimes referred to as the novel (new) coronavirus or 2019-nCoV. More recently, it was given the name SARS-CoV-2. If the SARS portion of that looks familiar, it is because in 2003 a similar virus called SARS-CoV, another coronavirus commonly referred to as SARS, was in the headlines. The coronavirus currently spreading is causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).


Where Does the Coronavirus Rank Among Other Outbreaks?

In comparison to other notable outbreaks, COVID-19 has a relatively low fatality rate. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported a 40 percent fatality rate for the last Ebola outbreak. During the last SARS (another coronavirus) outbreak, 774 people died out of a total of 8,098 that were infected for a fatality rate just below 10%. Another coronavirus, MERS, had a fatality rate around 30 percent when it killed 858 of 2,494 of the individuals who were infected with it. COVID-19’s fatality rate ranges from 2 to 3.5 percent depending on the source. Some reports think that this might be a high estimate as more and more non-fatal cases are discovered.



Is it Really Worth the Anxiety?

Reports of face masks and hand sanitizers selling out due to the coronavirus indicate that people are anxious about the virus. Is the coronavirus worth the worry and anxiety that a lot of people seem to be feeling? How do you stop anxiety from spiraling out of control regarding the coronavirus? First, look at the facts.

Rely on Facts to Reduce Your Anxiety

While media reports would have people thinking that there is a world ending global pandemic at this point, the fact of the matter is that the coronavirus is not any worse than any previous virus outbreak. Looking at the statistics, there is really no need to be anxious. The fatality rate is much lower than other coronavirus outbreaks in the past. Additionally, every year a virus known as the flu comes around. Since October of 2019, an estimated 45 million Americans were infected with the flu with over 46,000 of those infections ending in death. Perspective shows that every year we deal with much more infectious and much more deadly viruses without a high-level anxiety.

Microscopic view of Coronavirus, a pathogen that attacks the respiratory tract. Analysis and test, experimentation. Sars. 3d render



Step Away from Media Reports

Remember that fear and outrage sell much more than the full truth. Constantly hearing of the coronavirus showing up in a new country, another death, or any of the other repeated headlines only achieves the goal of increasing worry. This is a profit tactic of media corporations. The most important information is often left out. Take the example of Dr. Craig Spencer. In 2014, he became the first person in New York City to be diagnosed with the Ebola virus. He was vilified by the media, public, and politicians for being in public after returning from West Africa where he had been treating Ebola patients. The thing that was left out of all the reports and criticism of Dr. Spencer…Ebola was not contagious until symptoms arise and he had already gone into quarantine at the first sign of symptoms.