How does COVID-19 Affect Cats and Dogs

Coronaviruses have been in animals for many years, but only a few are known to infect humans.  The most current one is very easy to spread from human to human, as we’ve seen. Over 1.3 million are infected.

However, it can also hit animal cells too.  The disease is theorized to have originated within horseshoe bats in china, before it jumped to another animal, and from there found the way into humans. The virus is able to put itself into cells by binding to the cell surface protein that’s known as the ACE2, which is present within many species.

This virus has been found to infect a tiger, and did so in the Bronx zoo, but the cases are rare. The transmission is low, and there’s no reason to think you’ll get the disease from the felines in the neighborhood.

However, pet owners should still take caution, and here, we’ll highlight what you need to know about this as a pet owner.

Can it infect animals?

The virus itself isn’t hard to please when it comes to potential hosts, since they’ve been found in many species.  There is a doc that tested “weakly positive” for this and later died. Another cat tested positive for this. Of course, the pets were living with human owners which were infected, and the timing of this does demonstrate it.  Most of the time though, the pet has to live with a human to have this transmit.

Cats can be infected with this, and they might spread it via the respiratory droplets.  The infected animals were put next to those without the disease, and it does spread. But the cats don’t show the outward signs.

However, dogs are much more resistant.  These were based off laboratory experiments, but might demonstrate that while it does happen, it’s incredibly unlikely.

Can other Animals Be infected?

The answer is yes, if they have a protein called ACE2 in them. That’s because the virus has spiky projections that latch onto these proteins. The spikes then lock it into place, and that’s how it replicates. Currently, it replicates poorly within horses, sheep, pangolins, goats, pigeons, and lynx, so those animals are deemed safe.

But, of course, there is the instance of the animal in the US getting it from a zookeeper, which is possible.

Can I get it From My Pet

There’s still not a bunch of information on it. But there is lack of evidence that demonstrates it.  There is no evidence that companion animals play a part in this.  But you definitely should be careful.

The risk of getting this from a pet’s fur is very low.  The thing is though, it’s not zero, since this can survive on surfaces and will transmit via droplets. So, if you pet a dog that was recently petted by someone with COVID-19, there is a risk there, but it’s low.  However, after you interact with a dog or cat, you should wash your hands.  People are more risk to their pets than the pets are to you.

So how do you protect the furry companions you have? The simple answer is prevention.  You should prevent infection as best as you can, since they are key to treating this.

That’s all there is on whether or not COVID19 can be spread to pets, and right now, while there’s still tests underway, will definitely be further researched in the future.

The New Coronavirus can Live for 2-3 Days on Surfaces: here’s how to Clean Them

How long does the coronavirus live on surfaces like door handles? Well, accordingto recent studies, this virus can survive on stainless steel and plastic for up to 72 hours, and cardboard for up to 24 hours. The virus is capable of remaining for this long. While the WHO has previously said that surfaces could have it on there for up to a few days based on research, there are new studies saying that it could be longer.

But, it’s only viable on copper for about 4 hours.

The survival rate was tested based off a series of experiments, and from this, it’s been seen that there is a ballpark estimation on the survival of this.

UV light is a very powerful disinfectant, so sunlight helps diminish the infectivity of this virus on some surfaces. The thing is though, this is still being studied. What about food?  There is major concern on this since it’s going directly to you while it’s not fully known yet, there are a few care tips that you can follow to help protect you.

First, you should learn to wipe right. Use ammonia or alcohol-based products. Don’t use baby wipes to clean off surfaces since it’s not as useful as other products.

The good thing about this virus is it doesn’t require unique cleaning, so literally just use soap and water.  You need alcohol-based wipes for it to be effective. You also can make bleach spray yourself by mixing bleach with a quart of water.

Next, you should be washing your hands pretty much as much as you can. Lather the hands up with some soap, and from there scrub for about 20 or so seconds. Make sure that you’re through with this, and spend time rubbing the back of your hands along with the front, and interlace the fingers and push them through, then soap up your thumbs and make sure to get your fingernails too.

Then there is hand sanitizer. This is effective at killing viruses, but hand washing is much better. However, is you plan to use hand sanitizer, you need something that’s at least 60% alcohol.  Since thereisa shortage, a lot of DIY recipes are being put forth, but you shouldn’t use anything with a concentration of under 60%.  That’s because it won’t be effective in killing off the coronavirus.

Finally, make sure that you get your smartphone too.  Smartphones are covered in bacteria, including the really severe ones.  Phones are held close to where the germs enter the body, so make sure that you do wipe it down.  And you don’t have to rub it down for long if you’re using an alcohol sanitizer, just a few seconds should be enough to disinfect the surface.

You should also stop touching your face. Your face is a service that has plenty of germs on it, but the thing is, the coronavirus can immediately seep into your mouth, nose or eyes if you’re not careful.  A lot of times, if you feel like touching your mouth with your hands, what you should do is touch a raw onion.  You should smell the distinct smell on your fingers when you do this, and while it might make you antisocial, who cares about that when you’re social distancing.

Taking care of the surfaces that you work with is essential, so if you’re not careful, you might get it.  Be smart, and be safe, and make sure that you keep all the surfaces in your area nice and clean. n

Reducing Anxiety of Coronavirus: Facts and Less Media Go a Long Way

If you have turned on the news or radio in the past couple of weeks, you have undoubtedly heard the word “coronavirus.” With constant reports that the virus has spread to this or that country, health organizations are scrambling to trace the spread, quarantines of cruise ships, and a rising death toll, it would seem almost impossible not to worry about the strange new virus going around the globe. So how does one stay safe in the midst of coronavirus panic without letting anxiety turning them into an agoraphobe?


What is the Coronavirus?
While news reports typically just say “the coronavirus,” the virus currently spreading is merely one out of a group of viruses known as coronaviruses. Because it was previously unidentified, it is sometimes referred to as the novel (new) coronavirus or 2019-nCoV. More recently, it was given the name SARS-CoV-2. If the SARS portion of that looks familiar, it is because in 2003 a similar virus called SARS-CoV, another coronavirus commonly referred to as SARS, was in the headlines. The coronavirus currently spreading is causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).


Where Does the Coronavirus Rank Among Other Outbreaks?

In comparison to other notable outbreaks, COVID-19 has a relatively low fatality rate. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reported a 40 percent fatality rate for the last Ebola outbreak. During the last SARS (another coronavirus) outbreak, 774 people died out of a total of 8,098 that were infected for a fatality rate just below 10%. Another coronavirus, MERS, had a fatality rate around 30 percent when it killed 858 of 2,494 of the individuals who were infected with it. COVID-19’s fatality rate ranges from 2 to 3.5 percent depending on the source. Some reports think that this might be a high estimate as more and more non-fatal cases are discovered.



Is it Really Worth the Anxiety?

Reports of face masks and hand sanitizers selling out due to the coronavirus indicate that people are anxious about the virus. Is the coronavirus worth the worry and anxiety that a lot of people seem to be feeling? How do you stop anxiety from spiraling out of control regarding the coronavirus? First, look at the facts.

Rely on Facts to Reduce Your Anxiety

While media reports would have people thinking that there is a world ending global pandemic at this point, the fact of the matter is that the coronavirus is not any worse than any previous virus outbreak. Looking at the statistics, there is really no need to be anxious. The fatality rate is much lower than other coronavirus outbreaks in the past. Additionally, every year a virus known as the flu comes around. Since October of 2019, an estimated 45 million Americans were infected with the flu with over 46,000 of those infections ending in death. Perspective shows that every year we deal with much more infectious and much more deadly viruses without a high-level anxiety.

Microscopic view of Coronavirus, a pathogen that attacks the respiratory tract. Analysis and test, experimentation. Sars. 3d render



Step Away from Media Reports

Remember that fear and outrage sell much more than the full truth. Constantly hearing of the coronavirus showing up in a new country, another death, or any of the other repeated headlines only achieves the goal of increasing worry. This is a profit tactic of media corporations. The most important information is often left out. Take the example of Dr. Craig Spencer. In 2014, he became the first person in New York City to be diagnosed with the Ebola virus. He was vilified by the media, public, and politicians for being in public after returning from West Africa where he had been treating Ebola patients. The thing that was left out of all the reports and criticism of Dr. Spencer…Ebola was not contagious until symptoms arise and he had already gone into quarantine at the first sign of symptoms.

Surviving a Chemical Attack

Chemical agents, including vapors liquids, aerosols, and solids will have a toxic effect on other people. They can be released in bombs, or even sprayed from boats, vehicles, or aircraft.  They are oftentimes used as a liquid to help create a hazard for the environment. Other times, they’re used to combat attacks from disease and viruses, such as in the case of the coronavirus. They usually are tasteless and odorless, and they can have both an immediate and a delayed effect of up to 48 hours.

While they are lethal and harmful, usually, they’re very hard to deliver in lethal concentrations, since it’s very hard to keep it at a lethal level in the outdoors.  But, they are still dangerous, since they come without warning, and it can cause issues with breathing, losing coordination, nausea, and of course, a burning sensation in your nose, lungs, and throat, and of course, it might also affect you in other ways, especially if you have asthma or other respiratory conditions. Usually, you can see these in the form of dead insects or birds.

So how do you prepare for something that’s usually not redetermined? Well, before you a chemical attack, you need to have a roll of duct tape and scissors in your bag, plastic for your windows, vents and doors.  You may want to plastic sheet every opening too. You should also choose an internal room without windows and is on a higher level.

During this, you should turn off all ventilation, and also make sure to close every door and window. Turn off the A/C, furnace, and of course, vents and fans. You should seek shelter in a room without windows and with a disaster supplies kit. Seal the room with plastic sheeting and duct tape if there are windows or orifices.  You should then get your radio out and listen to instructions from the authorities.

If you’re in a contaminated area, move in an upwind from the source, and find shelter as fast as you can.

What do you do after a chemical attack? Well, decontamination is needed, since within minutes of exposure you will have health issues. Don’t’ leave the shelter safety in order to go outdoors until the authorities say so. It can be different for everyone, and you should make sure you decontaminate yourself before helping others.

Always use extreme caution when dealing with those exposed to agents. From there, removal all clothing and other items on the body.  You should remove them off your body not over your head, but instead, cut them apart. Put them in a plastic bag to seal it, then decontaminate with soap and water. Remove glasses and contact lenses, making sure that the glasses are put in a bag with blech then rinse and dry.

Flush your eyes with water, wash your face ad hair with soap, and then water before rinsing thoroughly. You should make sure to blot and scrape other contaminated areas. Finally, change into uncontaminated clothes, and from there, move to a medical facility for further treatment

With all of this in place, you should be able to survive even the worst of all chemical attacks, and you’ll be able to, with this as well, ensure your own safety, and make it possible for you to have a better experience. It can be a scary thing, and sometimes chemicals are used to help decontaminate areas, but they’re harmful to humans. Always use caution when chemicals are involved, since you never know how much of this it can affect in the long haul.

Emergency Kits 101

You’ve seen this on the news during natural disasters, where grocery stores are picked clean of pretty much everything, where people are desperate to get the last pack of batteries. While it is hard to look at, you can actually avoid this scenario.  If you’re the kind of person who likes to stay on top of everything, we’ll tell you how to started, and a few tips to help you get started right now, so you’re on top of it all

First you may wonder where to begin. You might look at who the kit is for, and the kinds of emergencies that’ll affect you. You should consider the people, and the animals you’ll need a survival kit for, and of course, how many things you must buy. A survival kit for a couple versus  child will be very different in type.

Next, you’ll want to look at what kind of emergency you’re expecting. For example, if you live along the coastline, you’ve got to worry about flooding. In the Midwest, it’s more tornados and potentially earthquakes. You should prepare for those.  Does the emergency usually require you to stay, or will you need to evacuate? You may want to consider a portable evacuation kit for when you have to get on the road. If not, you may be able to have a little bit more prepared, since it isn’t limited by your movement.  Usually, most people aren’t prepared for this, but if you take the time to sit down and make sure that you have enough, you’ll be much happier.

So what are the essentials? Well first and foremost, is water. You need minimally one gallon of clean water on hand for a person each day, for both drinking water, and of course, sanitation as well. You can reuse different bottles and fill them, or you can get water from the store. If you’re making a survival kit for evacuation, you really shouldn’t bring too much.  You should consider a portable water filtering straw, since it’s small, packable, and lightweight too, and you can take them anywhere, and use them to drink from a water source.

Next is food. You need food.  You should consider some easy to eat foods, and some sustainable foods. You should keep foods on hand that you’ll eat though, since eating foods that you don’t like will make this worse. You should expand your kit to get meals which are hot, canned foods, or inexpensive foods, or you can get a freeze-dried meal pouch for a more lighter option that’s incredibly portable. Ration bars are usually the easiest to toss. You should replace them often, and use them when you’re just living, so that you’re not wasting money.

Finally, light and communication. Cell phones can only go so far, since towers do go down in big emergencies. An NAA radio is great because you can be informed of changes too. You should, however, consider some lights, candles, a charger, and also reducing the number of electronics.  You should also consider some combination items for those instances.  You should make sure that you also consider some LED power failure lights so that if the power goes out, they automatically work.

With the way emergencies happen, you honestly can never be too prepared, and most don’t realize how impactful this can be. Doing this will in turn help you improve your life, and make it so that you’re able to improve and increase your ability to handle this, and make it work in your own personal benefit as well.

How to Store Grains for the Long Term

While paleo dieters will argue that you shouldn’t consume grains because it’s not good enough for the digestive system to adapt, grains are still something that you should always consider having. People have been eating this for hundreds of years, and in many cases, they’re even found millennia ago.  So, they’re not as bad as people make them out to be.

They’re good for you especially during emergencies, and if you’re thinking about storing grains in a food pantry, or even just for a moment, you may want to look into different ways to do this.  You should select the grains with the longest shelf life first, storing them properly. Brown rice and barley are usually the best ones to avoid, since they actually can go bad very fast.  usually, 4-6 months is the average lifespan, so if you feel you’re going to use it, then you may want to get it. Otherwise, go for a different type o grain.

Soft grains are usually the best to start with. This includes quinoa, hulled oats, and also rye.  You should try to get this, and you can even make them last up to two decades if you do this correctly.

Buckwheat, flax, corn, and mullet wand wheat are usually considered the hard grains.  You can get about a decade of shelf life out of these bad boys too, but, if you do have a good setup for this, it can last up to 30 years, or much longer in many cases too. Definitely worth checking out.

Now, how do you store these? Well, buying a sack and tossing it into your pantry isn’t the best way to store this. You should get a food-grade bucket, a vacuum sealer or a health sealer, some 5-gallon storage bags, and also some oxygen absorbers.  You should consider buying these in bulk, and make sure that you get the food grade buckets. Mylar is the best source of material, since this is something that’s often found in many local restaurants, or you can even just buy these online. You’ll need some buckets from your hardware store too, if you don’t want to spend the money, just make sure they’re food grade.

First, you want to find some good places to store this, making sure it doesn’t get higher than 68 degrees in that area. Put the Mylar bag on that, and fill it with grain. Add an oxygen absorbing pack, and have that seal the air out of the bag, and seal it out with a heat sealer.

From there, you trim any of the excess off the top area of your mylar bag, and from there, seal the lid on this with a mallet made of rubber.

This is the best way to do it, but if you’re struggling with this, consider practicing on this with a dummy package before you get the real thing, and you should make sure to avoid overly exposing the absorbing packs to air, since it decreases the effectiveness, and you can even put another oxygen absorber in the bucket too for best results.

How to Protect Food Storage from Flooding

Getting your food storage in order can be a lot, and if you have a larger family, this can be a problem. Even when stocking up on basics is something that you’re going to need to invest in, and it can cost a lot of money. But, what happens if the disaster you were preparing for wipes out your food storage as well. A bucket of wheat that’s flooded won’t help you, and it feels like a double loss in those cases. There is no way to completely prevent this, and you can only do what you like and then prepare for the best, and here, we’ll discuss some preparatory steps to help minimize the damage to your food storage items as well.

First, is don’t assume it’ll never happened.  This can happen anytime, anywhere, and even if your home is outside the flood plain, rain gutters and water heaters can leak.

Next, perform maintenance on your home, and clean out the rain gutters, affixing the extenders to the down spouts in order to keep the water away from the window wells. A few years of rain can cause clogging, and the water will seep through the seal around windows to the flooded areas of the basement. Always be aware of the arrangements of the city, and make sure to work on runoff water that you find in your city’s municipal plan when there is flooding that’s imminent. You should make sure that your water heater works too, and you should make sure that you replace this every decade or so.

Next, look at storing the items correctly, and try to keep them out of the basement.  Sometimes, simple shelving works too, and if the flooding is only a few inches, try to keep everything off the floor so it’s not in a puddle. Try to use plastic containers for everything too.

After a flood, insurance companies will declare items a total loss, but that shouldn’t stop you from looking at the food items and checking. Sometimes, you may get lucky, and if you have retort pouches, this can withstand flooding. If you are worried about bacterial contamination from floodwater, boil this before you eat in order to kill every single germ that’s out there.

Finally, if you’ve lost everything, you should try to rebuild this.  It does happen, and while it stinks, you should try to save as much as you can.

You’ll be amazed at how much you can put together again.  You’ll be amazed at how helpful this can be, and who knows, maybe down the road if someone else has actually experienced this kind of thing, you’ll be able to work on trying to put your food storage back into place. It isn’t easy, and it can be quite troublesome too.

These steps will help with minimizing the damage on small-scale flooding. Even if you do lose it, try not to panic, but try to work on getting everything back that you can. Even if you feel like the preparations created a total loss, you might be able to fall back onto this later on, and you’ll be able to use your food storage efforts for good in the future as well.

Bush Fire Safety

With everything that’s happenin Australia, it’s very important to ensure that you know how to survive a bushfire, since they can take place in dry conditions.  You need to of course prepare in advance for the threat, since if you make the decisions too late, you’ll have much fewer options left.

Now, you need to follow three things: prepare, act, and then survive.

To prepare, you should first and foremost have a fire safety survival plan, since it’ll let you have a safer experience, and you can figure out what to do before you have to face a bush fire.

You should make sure that you have a plan for clearing around the house, and you should look at the physical, emotional, and mental preparedness, since you should make sure that everyone is prepared for this.

Also, regardless of your decision to leave early or defend it, you should take the proper steps for the threat of this.

Now, let’s talk action. The higher the fire danger, the worse it can become.  You should look at the official fire ratings, since this will tell you whether you need to get out of there, or whether you might be okay. During the increased periods of danger, you should always try to make sure you stay in the know of any of the ratings, whether they change or not.  You should definitely look at this, and always make sure that you keep in the know on this.

Finally, you need to survive.  You should look at your survival plan. At first, it’ll have an advice, and then a watch, and then an act, and learn the emergency warning. As soon as you see this, you should decide if it’s possible to leave early, or defend the home. The safest option is to always leave early, since plans don’t always follow what you have in mind, and you should always have a backup as needed. There are safe places that you can use for this reason, and make sure that you have this as a part of your bush fire survival plan.

During this, make sure that you have access to items that’ll save your life, and from there, you can find out what you should do with all of these too.

The extreme heat can kill you, just as much as the embers and smoke can.  You should make sure you keep this in mind when you’re trying to survive a bush fire.

You should always stay up to date on all of this, and you should make sure that everyone is in place, and a plan is in action. If you follow this, it could save your life, and the lives of others.  There are some firefighters that might be able to help, but the thing, is they honestly can’t sometimes fully control this. You need to figure out whether or not you should stay, or if you should leave early.

Remember, these situations can be terrifying, and you should understand that the flames, the gusty winds, and the intense heat will tire you out.  The smoke will hurt the eyes and lungs, and it’s difficult for you to do.  there is also the roaring sound of this, and the embers will rain down upon you. Power and water is usually cut off, so you’ll be isolated.  It definitely is a scary thing, and if you can’t cope with that, you should always make sure you get away. Always have protective clothing if you do intend to stay.

They are scary, so make sure you plan accordingly.

How to Protect Your Gear from EMP

One of the scarier aspects of survival is when you have a high-altitude electromagnetic pulse, which is called HEMP. The nuclear weapons that are produced all contain electromagnetic pulses, or EMP, but usually, they are so massive that they’ll knock out all electronics, and many power grids that exist within our country. Because of this, you need to consider EMP protection for your electronics. But, how do you do it? Why should you do it? Read below to understand.

While there have been different venues to use this, you need to understand the physics behind this, and some of the science behind an EMP attack.

The first thing that you need to understand is that currently there is a lack of information that’s there about EMP, and the effects that are there. Most of what we know is from the 1960s, and the testing. The information on this is highly classified, so you have to go with the declassified information that you can get. but the thing is, the information is actually sufficient to make projections which are reasonable.

The second thing to learn is that this type of attack is actually as bad as it would get. Almost all people would be dead after an EMP attack, about 90% of these people, especially since we have extreme dependence on electricity, and the delocalization of food, water, and sanitation. It is survivable, but you have to prepare for it right way. Unlike other disasters, there isn’t a warning or anything, since it can be instant, and the lights go out forever.

Another event is the coronal mass ejection, or the CME, which can take out full power grids. When you have plasma particles that are very charged on the surface of your sun, and they crash into the magnetosphere of the earth, it creates an electrical current in the lines and metal, like your pipes and wires. This alone can destroy the transformers that you need for power emission, and it will wipe out the ability for this to remain operation. But, this doesn’t destroy electronic devices currently, unless they’re connected.

The best way to protect it is a faraday cage, and this is a simple little device that protects your electronics, simply by preventing these waves from getting inside. Usually, the more expensive units will use a combination of copper and aluminum mesh. You can build your own with foil, and a galvanized steel trash can. This doesn’t of course, have to look like a cage, but instead it’s anything that you make which blocks this radiation.

You shouldn’t put this in a microwave oven or a Mylar bag, and it is skeptical at best to try this. Usually, the MEP frequencies is of course, AM to Approximately FM radio, since the EMP frequencies have a much broader level, but tis comparison is enough. Usually, they’re as low as 540 KHz and the FM band stops at around 1-08 MHz, and you should make sure that you have this container in place, since the best to set up. You should tune to a station and turn it up. Put it in a cage, and from there, test to see if it’s still being picked up. Don’t be shocked if it doesn’t, since the FM signals are easy to shield. You can then test it with AM, since they can still get the signals pretty well. If you can’t hear the AM station at all, that’s fine, especially since you want it to be a good faraday cage to keep those electromagnetic signals away. You may wonder why it’s important to protect your electronics. Well, in an instance of EMP, it can save you, since you can communicate, and give you a major tactical advantage. You also can hold a lot of information in this, and you can hold onto valuable information even in a blackout.

Why a Smoke Shield Will Help Your home

When you’re expecting nothing, usually the worst happens.

Sometimes, when your’ e at home, you may smell something burning, and you might want to look at your home. If you notice a smoky haze, then you should definitely call 911.

House fires happen when you least expect them, and they’re’ e something that you’re not ready for. The normalcy of life will reassure that everything is fine, but the thing is, if you’re not ready for this, it can be quite frustrating, and it may put you in danger.

Sleeping is usually when these occur, and they are one of the most deadly factors in fatalities during house fires. If you’re not careful, it could end up burning down your home, or worse.

You might think that your smoke detector will save you, but the thing is, if the electric goes out, you’re in trouble. That’s why a smoke shield came in handy for those who have suffered from fires. It will help with any instance of smoke alarms failing.

So what happens when these fail? While they are a big part of the house, they are susceptible to not working correctly, or the batteries may die. Smoke alarms aren’t perfect, which is why a smoke shield is the better option, especially if you’re not careful.

A smoke shield will definitely help in many cases, especially if you know that the electric is about to go out.

The sheet rock in your home has a 30-minute burn rating, and it’s got two layers for an hour of it. All of your modern interior doors have a 30-45 minute rating for burning. It actually could save your life if you close the door. This is something that you should consider. However, while it protects you from the fire, it doesn’t protect you from the smoke. This can slow down the rate of smoke, but it still seeps in. smoke shields are one of the handiest things to have.

This is something that allows for you to have a shield in place, and it’ll activate once smoke is present. It will filter the air, helping you have safe breathing air within the confines of different spaces.

Escaping fires is your best option, but the thing is, if you’re unable to do that, and you need help, this might be the best option.

The best way for you to escape a fire is to get out as soon as you can, but if you’re someone who doesn’t’ have the ability to do this, then you should definitely consider the smoke shield, especially since it’ll help provide that extra layer of safety.

This also is good because it will help with those instances of you notice there is smoke, but you don’t know how to get out of there. There is a lot that can happen when you’re in a fire, and if you’re in a deadly situation, this is one of the best things for you to have in place, since most people don’t’ realize the impact this can have on you.

Consider a smoke shield today, for your own personal safety and health is at risk, and it can provide that extra valuable time as much as you can.