The Top Survival Tips to Help You

Surviving when things are tough can be a challenge, but these tips will help prevent you from becoming a statistic. Accidents are the leading cause of death amongst several demographics, including those between 18-59 years old.  This is usually unintentional, but you can prevent these from coming about by recognizing the dangers and learning to react quicker.  Learning to outsmart different situations can be hard, but here are some tips to help.

First, learn to outsmart wildlife.  You may think when you encounter a predator you should hightail it out of there, but the truth is, that can actually trigger predatory instincts. Instead, you should be slow, stop moving, and move behind a tree.  That way, you won’t be harmed by an animal. Try to avoid shark-infested waters when you can, and of course, carry repellent pepper spray when you hike.  You should give the bear a chance to get away, and try to stay out in the open.  You should move through a bush making noise by clapping and shouting to inform the bear you’re not prey.

Then, don’t mess with vending machines.  This might seem strange, but people can actually die by these, especially if they try to topple them.  They can be a danger, so do be careful when you’re trying to get something and it doesn’t give you what you want.

Also, make sure to stay away from wired docks.  This might seem shocking, but it can actually happen if you’re near docks with wires. Electric shock drowning is a form of drowning that happens in some cases, and if there is an electrical system near a dock, sty at least 100 yards away from this, and make sure the dock that you’re nearby follow the safety standards which will help you stay alive.

When driving ATVs, you should always stay on the dirt.  ATVs don’t actually do well on roads that aren’t dirt, and that can cause them to flip, which will eject those people immediately, and sometimes this can be a cause for death.  A third of these accidents happen on paved roads, and people usually die from this kind of accident. Knobby and soft tires aren’t made for even ground, and they don’t’ work well on pavement. If you must cross, continue on an approved trail and only go straight across in the first gear.

Finally, when you mow the lawn, mow on level.  Blades that whir from a lawnmower are an obvious hazard, but most of these deaths come from riding ones that flip over slopes and will crush the drivers.  Make sure that you mow up and down on slopes, not sideways.  You may wonder how steep is too steep. If you’re unable to back up on the slope don’t mow on that.  Simple as that.

Also, make sure that you watch out for head dams.  Head dams are there to help regulate water and prevent invasive species, but they can hurt people.  You should always be careful near dams, and if near one, curl up, drop towards the bottom, and move forward if you’re caught in it.  You should only surface only after you’ve cleared the vortex that’s near a dam.

These accidents aren’t’ common, but they happen enough to create some worry, so make sure you’re careful when you’re doing activities like this.

What to Know about using Bathrooms during the Pandemic

Many people currently avoid public restrooms, but that isn’t always feasible.  With many people traveling with kids, public restroom stops will need to be a thing, and some may want to pack disposable gloves and of course avoid touching anything that they don’t have to.  You should make sure that you disinfect your hands when you go to the car and wipe down those “high touch” areas that contain germs.

But, that still dose pose a risk.  Some may not realize that even just flushing the toilet pushes germs into the air.  Plus, COVID-19 can be excreted in feces too.  If you don’t have to use a public restroom, don’t’ do so.  That of course is an obvious thing to know, but the thing is, you won’t be able to always avoid this. however, we’ll go over how risky they are in this article, and what you need to know.

Public toilets are definitely hard to navigate, since they are small, and you can’t always socially distance. They also aren’t totally ventilated, and of course, with toilets being flushed, that can send particles into the air.  Hot air dryers also are another part of it, since they can disperse the virus around.

Finally, there is the hazard of course of the doorway, and if you touch those surfaces, it may spread the virus as well.

Toilet shot in detail in a white subway tile bathroom

However, the biggest issue, is the close contact, so you should try to use a single stall restroom if you can’t that you don’t’ need to share. But, wearing masks and social distancing can mitigate the risks as well. They are the most effective way to stop this, especially if people aren’t wearing masks.

Wearing a mask is mostly to protect others, rather than shielding yourself, but if others aren’t wearing them, that isn’t protecting you.  Some may also have different things in where they will taper off the sinks or urinals to space out visitors.  If you see that the restroom is crowded, try to wait until they’re done, especially since you reduce the risk of these particles in there.

Do make sure that you wash your hands as well as you can.  This is definitely something that you have to do, since this is one of the few low-tech remedies that we have, and something you can stick to. If you do have disposable gloves, wear them when in the restroom, throwing them in the trash when you leave.  You can even use a plastic bag over your hands. But, if you are going to wash your hands, do this for 20 seconds with soap and hot water afterwards. Dry with paper towels and try not to use the air dryers as much, since they can spread the coronavirus around, and that may put you at risk too.

Finally, use a paper towel to turn off the faucet, and then throw it away. Public restrooms are definitely still risky, but when you’ve gotta go, you gotta go, so; make sure you understand the risks when you do use them, and of course what this may mean for you as well.

Coffee to Fuel? More Likely than you Think!

Are you tired of your old coffee grounds being sent to rot in landfills? Well, there is a potential for a recyclable alternative to this, and it may work. The problem is, it’s hard to really make this into a valuable resource.  Our world drinks 2 billion cups of coffee each day, which creates 6 million tons in this alone.  When they go the landfill, this will release into the atmosphere, contributing of course, to global warming. A company called bio-bean though, is taking 7000 tons of these to use as biofuels.  They started to use this at first in diesel buses in London, but it really wasn’t viable, so they used this instead for industrial and household use.  These fuels then release greenhouse gases when burned, but if they’re replaced with other carbon based fuels, there is a chance this can reduce the emissions by 80% when compared to sending these to the landfill.

Bio-bean has raised over $7 million in funding, and it recycles grounds that are collected from Costa Coffee, the London Stansted airport, and of course the Network Rail, which is a UK rail system.  This is an innovative solution, and while it is on a small scale, this is definitely making changes.  While it has been impacted by the pandemic, operations are of course continuing. While coffee outlets in the UK have closed temporarily, they manage to get the grounds from different recycling partners, but at much lower volumes.

Should grounds be used as fuel? Well, this can be used to remove paper or plastic cups and bags.  From there they’re passed through a dryer, creating a screening process, and are finally processed into products such as biomass pellets and of course fire logs. This also offers a natural flavor extract that comes from this too.

The pellets that are made can power the industrial boiler, heat commercial greenhouses, or even to dry cereal crops, while the coffee logs are used in wood-burning stoves in order to help heat homes.

It’s actually a fantastic fuel too.  They burn about 20% hotter and 20% longer than the normal wood logs which are used do, so it is a viable process, and something which is considerable in terms of size and scale.

These recycled coffee grounds have markable potential as fuel for a lot of people, but it also is good since it’ll save carbon and is a good alternative for dealing with coffee grounds waste or turning it into mulch.  These grounds are higher in sulfur and nitrogen than most wood, that emits harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides when they are burned.  These commercial biomass pellets also have lower particulate emissions than most of the wood logs.

Of course, despite the pandemic, they plan to expand into northwestern Europe within the next five years, giving a great alternative fuel to other people that will help them as well.

Are you in Danger of COVID-19 in the Water?

Can you get the coronavirus from swimming, or does chlorine kill it? We’ll answer these questions here!

With beaches and lakes being flooded with people during memorial day weekend even with a stay-at-home order, you might wonder if this can infect you if you go swimming. The main way is through respiratory droplets, and that happens within 6 feet of another person. So what does it mean in bodies of water.  Currently, the CDC says there’s no evidence that you can get the coronavirus through swimming in the pool, and that if you clean it with chlorine or bromine should inactivate the virus. So why are pools remaining closed? Well it’s because it spreads easily. For example, if someone spits out a mouthful of water, that can infect people close on by. There is also the fact that humans love to shit on the shallow end sand some will play a game and they’re more likely to get it from the saliva of people talking and shouting.

Not only that, they tend to have a lot of surfaces which are touched a lot, such as railings and steps. This is hard to fully keep cleaned out, and bathrooms, lunch lines, and even shady indoor areas can get flooded with people and foot traffic. So simply put, it isn’t that case, mostly because humans love to touch things.

But what about the lake or beach? Well some places have them closed off to prevent the spread. Again, it’s because of how many people are there.  many beaches in California are closed, while others are open for active recreation, which might be enforced by a beach patrol vehicle or lifeguards. So hanging out to grill or go on a picnic won’t happen. You should limit the people that go to the beach with you. Water is safe as long as you social distance from others you’re not in close contact with a lot.  If someone is sick and the coronavirus is in the water, it’s very unlikely to transmit this, since this can dilute the secretions, making it difficult for those particles to come in contact with you.

The problem is, you might not even know that someone’s infected, because there are asymptomatic people.

So can you go outside with friends on the lake.  This can spread more easily in enclosed areas or those who share the same air, which is why the opening of curbside pickups and outdoor dining is being phased.  You should check to see if these small gatherings are allowed.  You might have to rain check it as well if you’re not limited to only the people at home. Also look if you spend time with older people or those with a compromised immune system. Make sure you stay away from others, and don’t load the boat up with a bunch of people sitting near one another, and don’t share drinks.  Try to discourage reusable cups as well.  You should keep everything socially distant.

So yes, while it can be safe, please use your best judgement, and make sure that you’re being smart and safe. Remember just because it’s getting warmer doesn’t mean the coronavirus magically went away.

Plasma Potentially able to Boost Survival Rate of Coronavirus patients

A new study of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 says that the technique of plasma transfusions could improve the survival rates if they’re done early enough. 

While this did happen at New York Mt. Sinai’s hospital, it hasn’t undergone the normal peer review process that’s needed for publication within medical or scientific resources. But during the coronavirus emergency, many researchers are giving out the results when they can get them.  About 18% of patients who had the plasma ended up worsening, but the 24% of those who did get it ended up getting better with time.

After 16 days, 13% of the recipients died, which is compared to the 24% of the controlled ones.  72% of them were discharged compared to the 67% in the control group. So it did conclude that this could be a potentially efficacious treatment for those with COVID-19, but there is some data that suggests that the non-intubated patients might benefit more than those who need ventilators.

However, this does come with one caveat and that this is a retrospective case controlled study, and it doesn’t have the rigor that the randomized controlled testing will need to be done.  But this does show some promise that the plasma is effective as a solution.  This is an approach that might provide the first solid data for those who wat to protect themselves against this disease.

This is also in comparison to other treatments for example, hydroxychloroquine and remdesvir.  These were other treatments that would supposedly help with fighting this disease, but that isn’t the case.  The plasma variant has a much higher improvement in survival compared to these other drugs.

However, there was no significant improvement for the intubated patients before this therapy, but that might be because the lung damage was too severe to respond to the treatment that is happening.  That means that it may not work for those who need ventilation, and an alternative solution needs to be found in that case.

This was originally raised in March when a paper published it, since this was a procedure that was used during the polio, influenza, measles, and mumps outbreaks. It was also used during H1N1 along with the Ebola epidemic to decent results.

While every virus and disease is of course different, this does provide a reassuring and useful possible hope during all of this happening right now.  This might be good as well for developing plasma treatments too over time.

While the latest study is promising, experts do advise against the search for a treatment that’s quick for it, since they don’t want a repeat of the other drugs where it was used without any evidence of efficacy and safety, thereby making this worse.  They don’t want this to be a flavor of the month treatment, but instead something that could potentially help those who want a legitimate coronavirus treatment.

We have to wait and see though if this works. While there is a lot of research being done, they’re working as fast as they can to stop this mass pandemic from getting worse.

Moderna’s Vaccine Trial Shows Participants Developed Antibodies to COVID-19.

There were some volunteers who received the COVID-19 vaccine from Moderna that proved positive in results.  These guys partnered with the national institutes of health to create a vaccine.  If this goes well, this could possibly be available to the public as early as January, which is good news, and something that people have been waiting for.  This of course, comes from the phase 1 trial, which shows a small number of people and focuses on whether the vaccine gets an immune response and is of course safe.  They haven’t been peer reviewed por published yet in terms of results though.

Moderna is a company based in Massachusetts and is one of the eight different developers worldwide doing clinical trials for humans with a vaccine placed against the virus.  There are two others that are in the US, and one in Britain, and four in China.  Moderna has vaccinated many study participants and looked at the antibodies in eight of them. All eight had neutralizing antibodies to the virus at levels that are higher in those who have naturally recovered from COVID-19 according to studies.  The antibodies bound to the virus and disabled from the human cells.  This of course shows that these antibodies are able to block the virus, and this is one of the first steps to creating a vaccine.  A vaccine specialist that isn’t involved in Moderna does think this is great, since not only does it show the antibody is working, but it also prevented the virus from infecting the other cells that are there as well.

However, while it does have good results in the lab, it isn’t known if it’ll protect the people from the virus in the real world.  This is to begin the phase 2 trials, which typically involve about a few hundred people, and of course the large scale trials will be in July. These can involve tens of thousands of people.

It was said before the pandemic that vaccine developers would normally test this out on thousands before phase 3, but its extremely unlikely to have that many before July, since only a few dozens have been vaccinated so far.  It makes sense of Moderna to move to phase 3 without vaccinating a ton of people since there are thousands that die every single day.  It’s different, and time of course of the essence.

Dr. Fauci of the national Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease actually side it would take 12-18 months for a vaccine to be on the market, but with an estimate for the vaccine, it does put that right on the delivery date of hi estimation next year.

In the study, three participants did have the symptoms of a fever and flu, and it was when they got the vaccine at around 250 micrograms.  Some will anticipate the phase 3 study will be smaller than that.  So far, the study subjects were vaccinated at a smaller level than the first one, and in most cases, the antibodies were higher than those who naturally got the coronavirus. But it isn’t clear whether the natural infection confers the immunity, so it’s not clear whether this will confer the immunity.  The thing is, we don’t know yet, but there is a chance for a vaccine every single day.

How to Keep Yourself Healthy At All Times

Do you wear a face mask? Do people stay at least 6 feet away from you? Do you touch things with your hands? Well, as the lockdown restrictions ease and cities reopen, you might want to change how you go to places.  The risk won’t go away, but until herd immunity happens or we have a vaccine, we should be careful. Since it can be passed by those who are asymptomatic and it’s highly contagious, it’s imperative to stay alert, and here is how.

First, don’t get too comfy. While the causes and deaths are going up and down, plenty of leaders are saying that the growth rates are slowing down in pockets, but there could be a second wave of infection. If we pull back too soon, there might be a second wave that is much worse. Even as nonessential businesses and public places open up again, you have to remember that this hasn’t disappeared. Just because the restrictions are lifting doesn’t mean you won’t get it.  You should think twice about what to do once this ends.

Wearing a face mask is something that you should definitely consider. While it is a voluntary healthy measure in places with large transmission rates and in places where you can’t maintain social distancing, some places are making it mandatory, such as in the stores.  If you’re taking a walk, you should try to keep a face covering on, so you don’t avoid the side eye or the lectures in stores.

Next, don’t make shopping trips a form of entertainment.  Sure it’s boring, but the symptoms of COVID-19 are scary and for people who have it it can take weeks to recover.  You don’t want this, and you should limit our exposure to others.  You should get what you get and not browse the aisles as well.

If you’re still using your hands to press buttons for the walk signs and such, you need to stop.  You should try to use a different body part for this.  you should learn to tap out the PIN codes with your knuckles instead of your fingertips. Learn to open up doors with your shoulders, feet, or even hips.  You can use sleeves and jackets as well to open up things too. Consider using your clothes as well that you can wash so that you don’t have to expose your skin to this either.

Finally, continue to keep your distance, and keep a boundary between you and others when you do go out.  You should keep that six feet boundary whenever possible, and try to go on bikes and such, and keep picking up food to go.  The more distance that you give, the better it’ll be, and it can be a way to keep you away from others and potentially getting infected.

While it can be hard, making sure you set aside reusable bags is a good thing to do.  You can’t really reuse them now but washing anything that comes into your house is a good thing.

While this whole thing has changed the way society is, it definitely is something that you want to keep in mind, and something you should definitely watch out for, for your own health and safety.

COVID-19 Prevention Tips and Strategies

The new coronavirus is an infection that can lead to COVID-19.  It’s a respiratory infection, and it can spread and cause life-threatening issues in some people. It does survive in the air and on various surfaces long enough to infect people, and it does multiply faster in the body than other viruses even if you’re now showing symptoms, and you can pass on the virus without symptoms at all.

Some have mild to moderate symptoms, but you can never be too careful, and in this article, we’ll highlight some important preventative tips for you.

First, was your hands carefully and frequently.  Lather the wrists, between your fingers, and under the fingernails. You can use an antibacterial along with an antiviral soap. Also, consider using hand sanitizer too. Make sure to wash your hands a few times each day, especially after touching your phone or laptop.

Try to avoid touching your face as much as you can, since the virus can live on harder surfaces for up to 72 ours, so make sure to not touch your face, and avoid biting the fingernails.

You also shouldn’t be touching anyone right now.  Don’t be the reason someone gets this.  shaking hands and hugging others will spread this.

Don’t share personal items.  Try not to share straws and eating utensils.  Try to use reusable straw, cups, and other dishes, and try to keep it to just one person.

Make sure to cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze. This is usually how it travels, and it can land and be there for up to three days.  Use a tissue or sneeze into the elbow and then keep your hands as clean as possible. Wash your hands carefully regardless, but do so more now.

Make sure to clean and disinfect the surfaces you use. This can live there for a few days, so make sure that the door handles, countertops, toys, furniture, and even your phone and other devices should be cleaned too. Disinfect areas once you’ve finished bringing in groceries. Use white vinegar or hydrogen peroxide solutions for better cleaning and disinfecting surfaces.

Make sure to also take social distancing seriously. It can be found in your spit, and it can happen even if you don’t have symptoms. Stay home and work remotely whenever you can.  If you must do this, keep a distance of 6 feet from others, and you can transmit this by steaking to a person in close contact with you.

With that, also don’t gather in groups.  This can cause the spread to move faster and further, and you should try to avoid any place where you might sit or stand too close to another person.

Finally, try to avoid eating or drinking in other places.  It isn’t’ time to go out to eat, so you should avoid the eateries.  This can be transmitted through food and silverware, and it might be airborne too.  You can still get delivery or takeout food, and make sure that you can cook this thoroughly and make sure it can be reheated.  You should avoid cold foods as much as possible, and of course, food from salad bars and buffets.

Finally, if you are sick, make sure to stay away from others, and call your doctor if you do have symptoms. Do make sure to wash a mask too.

This is very important to do, and if you want to prevent others from getting sick and flattening the curve, this is a good way to do it.

How to Keep Yourself Safe During the Coronavirus Pandemic

It’s nearly impossible to stay in your home the whole time during this lockdown. You need to run errands and get some fresh air and do healthy activities. But this also does put you at risk of getting it from people, and that can endanger you.

Homemade masks along with social distancing are the two most useful precautions, but there is more that you can do. Remember, this can be passed along by those who are asymptomatic too.

The first thing that you’ll want to do is wear face masks in public.  Since this is rapidly spreading, it is recommended to wear it in places with high transmission rates, and places where you can’t properly socially distance over time.  You should consider getting a mask with breathable fabric, or a surgical mask if you’re going outside.

Next, don’t think trips are a source of entertainment. The point of these shelter in place order is to keep you from spreading it to other people. Yes, it can be incredibly boring, but the thing is, the symptoms can be nasty, and they can last a while. If you don’t want this, limit your exposure to others, and shop quickly and efficiently.  It is very tempting to get out and to browse the aisles to pass time, but there are other ways to entertain yourself that you should consider doing.

Next, stop pressing the buttons for crosswalks with your fingertips.  Use your feet, knees, elbows, and even your knuckles or your wrist instead. Any time you have to open doors, push buttons, or even pull something or even digitally sign items, use another body part.  You can use a knuckle to tap in your PIN at the AMT for example rather than a finger, and you can use your shoulders, butt, or even feet to open up the door rather than your hands. You can use a wrist or elbow to flip a switch, or you can use an article of clothing to help prevent touching it if you must.  It’s easy enough where once you’re done, you can toss it, rather than put yourself at risk.

Continue to distance yourself. Keep six feet away from those outside of the house isn’t just something that you should be doing, you should also keep yourself away from others at the store, when you walk outside, or even getting food to go.  If you need to keep more distance, you should step back and ask for the person to give you some more room.

When going outside, try to consider an automatic option when you’re getting items. Most of the modern buildings will have accessibility buttons in the area in order to help with mobility concerns. But use another body part to open the door up. Consider automatic soap dispensers as well, so you don’t have to worry about transferring germs.

Finally, watch where you put your phone. Our phones are riddled with germs. You can put it down or in a coat pocket or purse. Try to avoid it on surfaces. The less you expose this, the better it can be for you.  Make sure that you do wipe down your phone when you’re done with it, so that you’re not dealing with the risk of carrying germs.

All of these should be used when you’re trying to stop the spread. Stopping it now helps you much more later, so it’s something you should definitely consider if you’re looking for an effective way to prevent this.

Who is Immune to the Coronavirus

While there are many uncertainties about COVID-19 currently, one of them that’s at the topic of everyone’s mind is immunity.  Immunity after infection can range from lifelong to nonexistent.  There’s only some glimmers of data about the immunity of this.

What can you do in this situation? Well, the best way to do it is to construct a concept of the model, and assumptions on how immunity works, based on knowledge of your immune system, and information about the viruses, in order to identify how each aspect of the model might work or not work, and from there, set out work to improve the understanding with experimenting and observation.

There is a more complicated form of immunity with this, since large groups of such will jump from the animal hosts to the humans. The 2003 outbreak of SARS is an example of tis.

The immunity comes not from the SARS or MERS models, since those infected a smaller population, but after looking at those who survived the infections, the defenses are supposed to persist for a bit, with two years for SARS, and almost 3 for MERS but, the neutralizing ability of this was declining as well when it was studied.

From these studies, there was an educated guess on what’ll happen with patients that have contracted COVID-19. After you’re infected, there will be an immune response, with some being better than others. The response will over some protection for at least a year, but then the effectiveness will decline.

It’s true that infection creates immunity in most people, and the protection will last for a year or more.  Then, the infection will increase the numbers of people within the population. From there, it creates herd immunity. As more become immune to the virus, an infected person has less of a chance of being around people that are susceptible to the infection. The herd immunity becomes pervasive enough it can have an infected person averaging less than the other.  This will reduce the cases. If the herd immunity is widespread enough, even in the absence of the measures to slow the transmission, the virus will be contained until immunity reduces, or enough new people that are susceptible to infection are birthed.

The problem with this, however, is that testing is too limited in most cases. If the undercounting is around the same level in other countries, then the majority of people in the world would be susceptible to the infection, and herd immunity is minor currently. Long-term control of the virus does depend on getting people to become immune, through infection and then recovery or through vaccination. How large a majority does depend on other parameters.

There is also the concern of reinfection though.  About 9% currently have I some cases. Fi some were reinfections, that does cast doubt on the strength of this.

There is the chance though that’s more likely most of them had a false negative test on the infection, which means that there is an inability to distinguish the new infection from other infections.

For now, it’s reasonable to think that only a minority is immune, even in hard-hit locations. How can this tentative picture evolve as data comes along? There is a chance that it could.

There is a chance that many more are happening than being reported, which means that there is an error in the numbers. There is also the testing debacle as well.

There is a chance that the herd immunity is growing, depending on things, but who knows.  The best thing we can do, is to wait and see.