How to Keep Yourself Safe During the Coronavirus Pandemic

It’s nearly impossible to stay in your home the whole time during this lockdown. You need to run errands and get some fresh air and do healthy activities. But this also does put you at risk of getting it from people, and that can endanger you.

Homemade masks along with social distancing are the two most useful precautions, but there is more that you can do. Remember, this can be passed along by those who are asymptomatic too.

The first thing that you’ll want to do is wear face masks in public.  Since this is rapidly spreading, it is recommended to wear it in places with high transmission rates, and places where you can’t properly socially distance over time.  You should consider getting a mask with breathable fabric, or a surgical mask if you’re going outside.

Next, don’t think trips are a source of entertainment. The point of these shelter in place order is to keep you from spreading it to other people. Yes, it can be incredibly boring, but the thing is, the symptoms can be nasty, and they can last a while. If you don’t want this, limit your exposure to others, and shop quickly and efficiently.  It is very tempting to get out and to browse the aisles to pass time, but there are other ways to entertain yourself that you should consider doing.

Next, stop pressing the buttons for crosswalks with your fingertips.  Use your feet, knees, elbows, and even your knuckles or your wrist instead. Any time you have to open doors, push buttons, or even pull something or even digitally sign items, use another body part.  You can use a knuckle to tap in your PIN at the AMT for example rather than a finger, and you can use your shoulders, butt, or even feet to open up the door rather than your hands. You can use a wrist or elbow to flip a switch, or you can use an article of clothing to help prevent touching it if you must.  It’s easy enough where once you’re done, you can toss it, rather than put yourself at risk.

Continue to distance yourself. Keep six feet away from those outside of the house isn’t just something that you should be doing, you should also keep yourself away from others at the store, when you walk outside, or even getting food to go.  If you need to keep more distance, you should step back and ask for the person to give you some more room.

When going outside, try to consider an automatic option when you’re getting items. Most of the modern buildings will have accessibility buttons in the area in order to help with mobility concerns. But use another body part to open the door up. Consider automatic soap dispensers as well, so you don’t have to worry about transferring germs.

Finally, watch where you put your phone. Our phones are riddled with germs. You can put it down or in a coat pocket or purse. Try to avoid it on surfaces. The less you expose this, the better it can be for you.  Make sure that you do wipe down your phone when you’re done with it, so that you’re not dealing with the risk of carrying germs.

All of these should be used when you’re trying to stop the spread. Stopping it now helps you much more later, so it’s something you should definitely consider if you’re looking for an effective way to prevent this.

Who is Immune to the Coronavirus

While there are many uncertainties about COVID-19 currently, one of them that’s at the topic of everyone’s mind is immunity.  Immunity after infection can range from lifelong to nonexistent.  There’s only some glimmers of data about the immunity of this.

What can you do in this situation? Well, the best way to do it is to construct a concept of the model, and assumptions on how immunity works, based on knowledge of your immune system, and information about the viruses, in order to identify how each aspect of the model might work or not work, and from there, set out work to improve the understanding with experimenting and observation.

There is a more complicated form of immunity with this, since large groups of such will jump from the animal hosts to the humans. The 2003 outbreak of SARS is an example of tis.

The immunity comes not from the SARS or MERS models, since those infected a smaller population, but after looking at those who survived the infections, the defenses are supposed to persist for a bit, with two years for SARS, and almost 3 for MERS but, the neutralizing ability of this was declining as well when it was studied.

From these studies, there was an educated guess on what’ll happen with patients that have contracted COVID-19. After you’re infected, there will be an immune response, with some being better than others. The response will over some protection for at least a year, but then the effectiveness will decline.

It’s true that infection creates immunity in most people, and the protection will last for a year or more.  Then, the infection will increase the numbers of people within the population. From there, it creates herd immunity. As more become immune to the virus, an infected person has less of a chance of being around people that are susceptible to the infection. The herd immunity becomes pervasive enough it can have an infected person averaging less than the other.  This will reduce the cases. If the herd immunity is widespread enough, even in the absence of the measures to slow the transmission, the virus will be contained until immunity reduces, or enough new people that are susceptible to infection are birthed.

The problem with this, however, is that testing is too limited in most cases. If the undercounting is around the same level in other countries, then the majority of people in the world would be susceptible to the infection, and herd immunity is minor currently. Long-term control of the virus does depend on getting people to become immune, through infection and then recovery or through vaccination. How large a majority does depend on other parameters.

There is also the concern of reinfection though.  About 9% currently have I some cases. Fi some were reinfections, that does cast doubt on the strength of this.

There is the chance though that’s more likely most of them had a false negative test on the infection, which means that there is an inability to distinguish the new infection from other infections.

For now, it’s reasonable to think that only a minority is immune, even in hard-hit locations. How can this tentative picture evolve as data comes along? There is a chance that it could.

There is a chance that many more are happening than being reported, which means that there is an error in the numbers. There is also the testing debacle as well.

There is a chance that the herd immunity is growing, depending on things, but who knows.  The best thing we can do, is to wait and see.

How does COVID-19 Affect Cats and Dogs

Coronaviruses have been in animals for many years, but only a few are known to infect humans.  The most current one is very easy to spread from human to human, as we’ve seen. Over 1.3 million are infected.

However, it can also hit animal cells too.  The disease is theorized to have originated within horseshoe bats in china, before it jumped to another animal, and from there found the way into humans. The virus is able to put itself into cells by binding to the cell surface protein that’s known as the ACE2, which is present within many species.

This virus has been found to infect a tiger, and did so in the Bronx zoo, but the cases are rare. The transmission is low, and there’s no reason to think you’ll get the disease from the felines in the neighborhood.

However, pet owners should still take caution, and here, we’ll highlight what you need to know about this as a pet owner.

Can it infect animals?

The virus itself isn’t hard to please when it comes to potential hosts, since they’ve been found in many species.  There is a doc that tested “weakly positive” for this and later died. Another cat tested positive for this. Of course, the pets were living with human owners which were infected, and the timing of this does demonstrate it.  Most of the time though, the pet has to live with a human to have this transmit.

Cats can be infected with this, and they might spread it via the respiratory droplets.  The infected animals were put next to those without the disease, and it does spread. But the cats don’t show the outward signs.

However, dogs are much more resistant.  These were based off laboratory experiments, but might demonstrate that while it does happen, it’s incredibly unlikely.

Can other Animals Be infected?

The answer is yes, if they have a protein called ACE2 in them. That’s because the virus has spiky projections that latch onto these proteins. The spikes then lock it into place, and that’s how it replicates. Currently, it replicates poorly within horses, sheep, pangolins, goats, pigeons, and lynx, so those animals are deemed safe.

But, of course, there is the instance of the animal in the US getting it from a zookeeper, which is possible.

Can I get it From My Pet

There’s still not a bunch of information on it. But there is lack of evidence that demonstrates it.  There is no evidence that companion animals play a part in this.  But you definitely should be careful.

The risk of getting this from a pet’s fur is very low.  The thing is though, it’s not zero, since this can survive on surfaces and will transmit via droplets. So, if you pet a dog that was recently petted by someone with COVID-19, there is a risk there, but it’s low.  However, after you interact with a dog or cat, you should wash your hands.  People are more risk to their pets than the pets are to you.

So how do you protect the furry companions you have? The simple answer is prevention.  You should prevent infection as best as you can, since they are key to treating this.

That’s all there is on whether or not COVID19 can be spread to pets, and right now, while there’s still tests underway, will definitely be further researched in the future.

The New Coronavirus can Live for 2-3 Days on Surfaces: here’s how to Clean Them

How long does the coronavirus live on surfaces like door handles? Well, accordingto recent studies, this virus can survive on stainless steel and plastic for up to 72 hours, and cardboard for up to 24 hours. The virus is capable of remaining for this long. While the WHO has previously said that surfaces could have it on there for up to a few days based on research, there are new studies saying that it could be longer.

But, it’s only viable on copper for about 4 hours.

The survival rate was tested based off a series of experiments, and from this, it’s been seen that there is a ballpark estimation on the survival of this.

UV light is a very powerful disinfectant, so sunlight helps diminish the infectivity of this virus on some surfaces. The thing is though, this is still being studied. What about food?  There is major concern on this since it’s going directly to you while it’s not fully known yet, there are a few care tips that you can follow to help protect you.

First, you should learn to wipe right. Use ammonia or alcohol-based products. Don’t use baby wipes to clean off surfaces since it’s not as useful as other products.

The good thing about this virus is it doesn’t require unique cleaning, so literally just use soap and water.  You need alcohol-based wipes for it to be effective. You also can make bleach spray yourself by mixing bleach with a quart of water.

Next, you should be washing your hands pretty much as much as you can. Lather the hands up with some soap, and from there scrub for about 20 or so seconds. Make sure that you’re through with this, and spend time rubbing the back of your hands along with the front, and interlace the fingers and push them through, then soap up your thumbs and make sure to get your fingernails too.

Then there is hand sanitizer. This is effective at killing viruses, but hand washing is much better. However, is you plan to use hand sanitizer, you need something that’s at least 60% alcohol.  Since thereisa shortage, a lot of DIY recipes are being put forth, but you shouldn’t use anything with a concentration of under 60%.  That’s because it won’t be effective in killing off the coronavirus.

Finally, make sure that you get your smartphone too.  Smartphones are covered in bacteria, including the really severe ones.  Phones are held close to where the germs enter the body, so make sure that you do wipe it down.  And you don’t have to rub it down for long if you’re using an alcohol sanitizer, just a few seconds should be enough to disinfect the surface.

You should also stop touching your face. Your face is a service that has plenty of germs on it, but the thing is, the coronavirus can immediately seep into your mouth, nose or eyes if you’re not careful.  A lot of times, if you feel like touching your mouth with your hands, what you should do is touch a raw onion.  You should smell the distinct smell on your fingers when you do this, and while it might make you antisocial, who cares about that when you’re social distancing.

Taking care of the surfaces that you work with is essential, so if you’re not careful, you might get it.  Be smart, and be safe, and make sure that you keep all the surfaces in your area nice and clean. n