If we look at the per capita water use, we will see the western states consuming more water than other regions in the US. Out of ten states with the highest per capita water, nine are the western states. The main reason for this higher water consumption is the land irrigation. And it would be worth mentioning that western states see less rainfall as compared to other states. In these states, the water use averages about 130 gallons per person per day.In the rest of the United States, this number is 89 gallons per person per day.
In this scenario, the best way to converse water, if you are living in the west, is to water less. Even in summers, lawns and gardens can be maintained well if they get half inch of water per week. The water requirement gets even lesser in autumn and winter. If you see that water is running down the gutter, you are probably using too much water. You can get information from Ready.gov for landscape watering which mainly includes planting drought tolerant plants and the plants grouping based on how much water each of the group may need.
Next thing that you are going to have to keep in mind is the mechanism to reduce water consumption by repairing leaks. According to Ready.gov, one drop per second leads to the wastage of 2,700 gallons of water per year. In many situations, the leak repair work is as smaller and easier as replacing a washer in the faucet. Moreover, you are also going to have to check plumbing for water leaks.
Reduction of the indoor water use is the next thing that you need to do if you want to conserve water. According to a survey, an average family in the US uses 300 gallons of water per day. And about 70 percent of that water is used indoors.
The indoor use of water mainly consists of flushing in the toilet and bathing. While older toilers use 4 gallons of water per flush, newer models use 1.6 gallons. However, either model tends to use more water if it leaks. You need to check for the leak if you hear water running between the flushes.
You also need to check the shower heads. Look at the number written on the shower head. The number will be like 1.0gpm or 1.5gpm. GPM refers to ‘gallons per minute’. This number denotes the maximum flow the shower head allows. Older shower heads allow up to 5 gallons of water to flow out in a minute. On the other hand, the water saving shower heads allow a flow of 2 gallons of water per minute. Therefore, it is quite necessary to replace older shower heads with the new ones.
These are a few measures that can help you to save water for a drought situation. As a matter of fact, a general conservation of water can help prevent a drought situation.