Preparing For Drought by Learning to Conserve Water

If we look at the per capita water use, we will see the western states consuming more water than other regions in the US. Out of ten states with the highest per capita water, nine are the western states. The main reason for this higher water consumption is the land irrigation. And it would be worth mentioning that western states see less rainfall as compared to other states. In these states, the water use averages about 130 gallons per person per day.In the rest of the United States, this number is 89 gallons per person per day.

In this scenario, the best way to converse water, if you are living in the west, is to water less. Even in summers, lawns and gardens can be maintained well if they get half inch of water per week. The water requirement gets even lesser in autumn and winter. If you see that water is running down the gutter, you are probably using too much water. You can get information from for landscape watering which mainly includes planting drought tolerant plants and the plants grouping based on how much water each of the group may need.

Next thing that you are going to have to keep in mind is the mechanism to reduce water consumption by repairing leaks. According to, one drop per second leads to the wastage of 2,700 gallons of water per year. In many situations, the leak repair work is as smaller and easier as replacing a washer in the faucet. Moreover, you are also going to have to check plumbing for water leaks.

Reduction of the indoor water use is the next thing that you need to do if you want to conserve water. According to a survey, an average family in the US uses 300 gallons of water per day. And about 70 percent of that water is used indoors.

The indoor use of water mainly consists of flushing in the toilet and bathing. While older toilers use 4 gallons of water per flush, newer models use 1.6 gallons. However, either model tends to use more water if it leaks. You need to check for the leak if you hear water running between the flushes.

You also need to check the shower heads. Look at the number written on the shower head. The number will be like 1.0gpm or 1.5gpm. GPM refers to ‘gallons per minute’. This number denotes the maximum flow the shower head allows. Older shower heads allow up to 5 gallons of water to flow out in a minute. On the other hand, the water saving shower heads allow a flow of 2 gallons of water per minute. Therefore, it is quite necessary to replace older shower heads with the new ones.

These are a few measures that can help you to save water for a drought situation. As a matter of fact, a general conservation of water can help prevent a drought situation.

Things You Need To Know About Emergency Survival Kits

According to the basic definition, an emergency survival kit is the set of household items which you may need during an emergency situation. A few items in the kits may vary from person to person due to personal preferences but majority of items are usually the same.

What you need to know about emergency survival kit is that it is your only way to survive during times of crisis and disaster. The main purpose of this kit is to help you prevent majority of difficulties during difficult times.As long as your basic necessities are being fulfilled, you should be able to survive an emergency situation. This is the main purpose of an emergency survival kit.

Items that should be present in an emergency survival kit

First, you are going to have to focus on the items that you need to survive. These survival items are surely your foods and water. But that is just the start. There are a lot of other items that fall under the category of essentials. The essential items include:

  • Water
  • Food
  • Radio
  • Flashlight
  • First aid kit
  • Whistle
  • Moist towel paper and garbage bags
  • Dust mask
  • Can opener
  • Maps
  • Cell phone charger and a decent way to produce electricity (i.e. solar charger)

All these items help you not only in surviving during difficult times but also to stay updated about the disaster situation. You should also be able to call for help using some of these items.

What needs to be done with the kit?

The main purpose of emergency survival kit is to provide you necessary items to use in the time of emergency. It means that these items need to be ready to use at that time. If your kit has remained unused for years, there is a mighty chance that most of the items in the kits are going to be unfit for use. Flashlight batteries can become dead and the foods can spoil badly. Best thing that you can do in these scenarios is to make sure that you update your survival kit twice n every year.

Keeping the kit handy

Ideally, you need to keep an eye on the weather situation. There are services that can tell when a disaster is expected to strike. Make sure that you have proper way to remain updated about those estimates. Using this knowledge, you can keep your emergency survival kit at the place from where you can access it easily. In many situations, disaster gives no time to make preparations. Therefore, it is ideal to keep the kit in ready state.

Make sure that you have a separate kit ready in the home, office, and school.

Items That Need To Be Put In Family Emergency Kit

Emergency preparedness is important to ensure your safety during any emergency situation. In this scenario, one of the most important things to take into consideration is the preparation of an emergency survival kit.

While it is ideal for every individual in the family to have a separate emergency survival kit, preparing these kits might not work out for many families from the perspective of their finances. In this scenario, it is pretty much important to prepare a large emergency kit for the entire family.

Although survival kits are prepared with a concept that you can carry them anywhere, it is not practically easy to actually carry these kitseverywhere you want. So, it is very important to make sure that your kit is not quite stuffed to be difficult to move. And at the same time, it needs to be large enough to ensure effective survival of your entire family for 3 days.

So, it is worth mentioning what you need to put in your family emergency kit.


Food needs to be your number one priority while preparing an emergency survival kit. And while putting food in the kit, you have to make sure that you are not just keeping the quantity of food in consideration but you are also paying attention to the daily calorie-count for each of your family members. For this purpose, you will need to note down the calorie needs and gather the food items based on this calorie count.

You are going to have to make sure that you get non-perishable foods only while preparing an emergency survival kit. Dried fruits and nuts, trail mix, high-calorie energy bars, and granola bars should be added in abundance.

Infant formula and diapers

If you have got infants with you, you have got to make sure that you have enough of the infant formula for their sustenance. Moreover, you are going to have to put enough diapers in the kit to meet your infants’ 72-hour needs. And make sure that you are not putting cloth diapers in the kit. While your children may be potty-trained, they might not be able to cope with the stressful situations. You will have to keep their requirements in mind as well.

Hygiene supplies

Personal hygiene of every person is quite important no matter wherever they live. Therefore, keeping washcloths, wipes, toiletries and spare toothbrushes in the emergency survival kit is very important.

Important documents

Important documents mainly include birth certificates, social security cards and passports. Make sure that you have kept these documents in waterproof bags.


While we are mentioning water in the last part of this article, it is one of the most important items to keep. As a rule of thumb, there should be one gallon of water per day for one individual. If your family is based on 4 members, you are going to have to keep 12 gallons of water in the 72-hour family kit. And if you are heading to an area where there is abundance of water, such as a water stream, you only need to have a water purifier.

Tips To Protect Your Pets from Wildfire

Wildfire and other types of disasters are as dangerous for the pets as they are for the humans. As a matter of fact, animals can be the biggest victims here because they cannot do much to protect themselves in advance. In this scenario, it is worth talking about the incident of wildfire that happened in San Luis Rey Downs Training Center in San Diego Countyon December 10, 2017. 46 racehorses died and a trainer was injured due to this wildfire.

Although animal control officers worked well to evacuate the animals to prevent an even bigger damage, they struggled a lot because people were not quite prepared to save their animals.

The reason to discuss this matter is that people normally do not pay proper attention to their pets while getting prepared for emergency situations. Since pets are considered family members, they need to be saved from disasters and transported out safely from the area of impact.

Talking about the incident mentioned above, Ventura County Animal Services field operations supervisor Brian Bray told Ventura County Star: “What we’ve noticed is a lot of transportation issues as far as livestock and large animals, people not having enough trailers or not being able to get them out quickly enough.

It is worth asking here if you have a pet carrier. If you have one, how big is it? According to the recommendation by The Humane Society of the United States, the carrier needs to be large enough to allow the pet to stand, turn around and lie down comfortably. Small pets can be secured using small cages with blankets, towels and other species-specific protective items. To make the pet’s company more stress-free, you can bring pet’s bed and toys.

There are times when you and your family members are away from home and your area is struck by a disaster. For such situations, you need to request your neighbors in advance to take care of your pets. You can give them the key and show them where your pets are going to be during your absence.

Since many of the shelters do not allow pets, you can take get to your relatives or friends living in the safe locations. That’s where you can live with your pets without any worry.Humane Society of the United States has the similar recommendation for the pet owners in this regard.

Another way is to search for the pet-friendly hotels beforehand. You can search for these hotels online. However, you need to keep it in mind that these hotels may charge you extra for the pets.

Another important thing to consider is the pet food. Make sure that you have 5 days’ worth of foods for your pets in your emergency survival kit. This food storage also includes water. Also include garbage bags in the kit to deal with the pet wastes. Moreover, it is quite important to have first aid for pets.