How to Build a Basic Disasters Supply Kit

Do you sometimes wonder if you’re ready for the worst? You should always make sure that you have all of the items listed in the checklist below.  Most of them are pretty easy to get, and don’t cost all that much, and some of them are so small that they could save your neck.

There are a few things that you should definitely get, but also, if you have pets, or even older people and families, then you’ll definitely want to make sure that you have everything on hand for any emergency.

You also need to make sure that you pack for at least several days, and you should have supplies, including water and food, that last up to 72 hours too. Disaster supplies kit is a lot of basic items that you may need in the event that emergencies happen, and that’s something you should definitely consider.

What Supplies do you need.

Well, you should first and foremost make sure that you have airtight plastic bags that are filled with disaster supplies in a couple of containers, or in a duffel bag. 

Water is your first thing that you need. Have a gallon per person per day for up to three days, not just for drinking, but sanitation too.

The same goes for food, you need at least three days of non-perishable food.  You also should have some sort of radio, whether batter powered or hand-cranked, and you can get it with some alerts and such for the worst.

Flashlights or signals such as a whistle or mirror, are great to have as well in the event of an emergency.

The worst does happen, so you should also make sure that you do have various first aid kit supplies, along with extra batteries that are there for you to have on hand.

A dust mask or a filter is also good because it will help with filtering contaminated air and plastic especially if you know you’re in an area with compromised air.

Moist towelettes, plastic ties, and various garbage bags are also good things to have on hand especially if you know that you want to take care of your personal sanitation.

Wrenches and pliers are good for turning off utilities. You don’t know how bad it’s going to be, and the last thing you need is a gas leak on top of everything else, right?

Maps of not just the local area, but other places as well are definitely worth checking out, and you should try to at least have some of the local area, since that’s usually where people get into emergency situations.

Cell phones are important too, since usually the reason why people struggle with survival is, they don’t have enough juice. But, don’t fully rely on this, because usually, if you a=rely too much on this, it can end up being a problem since the towers do go out.

To maintain your kit, you should keep the food that’s canned in a place that’s dry and cooled. Store any food that’s boxes in a tight, closed plastic or a metal container.  You should replace items that expire as needed. You should also look at the needs you have each year, updating your kit as the needs change, such as maybe for kids you have to pack extra stuff for them.

You should always check for the water and the canned perishables too, since those do end up going bad over time, and it’s better to ensure that you’re taking care of this, and you’re doing what you feel is right.

Tips To Ensure Hurricane Readiness

High winds, heavy rainfall, massive flooding, and rip currents make up only a part of destruction that hurricanes can make. These violent storms are formed over water and they move towards the land, posing serious threat to the waterfront homes and businesses.

Thus, it is quite important to ensure proper preparedness for hurricanes so that the structures and families could remain safe before the storm strikes. There are a few measures that need to be taken into consideration in this regard. Some of those measures include the following.

Protecting your family

  • First, you are going to have to stock up the supplies which you may need during a disaster situation. Those items mainly include non-perishable foods, water, clothing, flashlights, batteries, and other beneficial items which may be required during the time of emergency.
  • Power outage is a logical consequence that tends to happen in cause of a weather emergency. Therefore, you have to make sure that you have access to the battery powered radio. This way, you will be able to get updates about weather emergency in the area.
  • Make sure that you have your important documents, maps, and medications with you in case of emergency.
  • Learn if there is an emergency evacuation plan. You can get this information from local emergency management office.

Protecting your pets

  • Your emergency survival kit should include any carrier or crate with emergency pet supplies such as blanket, pet food, and food serving dishes. If your pet requires any medication, make sure that you have it in the kit.
  • You need to secure the pet. Make sure that they are wearing their ID collars. You are going to have to keep their information up-to-date.

Protecting your home

  • You will need to bring in the home the outdoor furniture, decorations and everything which may be at the risk of being carried away by strong winds.
  • It is very important to clean the gutters and downspouts to prevent flooding and overflowing.
  • If you have got enough time to secure your home, you need to secure the windows with the help of storm shutters or plywood. You can cut the wooden board right according to the size of your windows and use those boards for window protection.
  • Broken branches and debris can be quite damaging for the exterior of your home. Therefore, you need to trim the trees and shrubs around your home.
  • You need to have an electric generator to produce power in case of the power outage.
  • Your vehicles need to be fully fueled. This way, you will be able to get out of the area quickly after the weather emergency is announced.
  • Make sure that you are fully familiar with the hurricane evacuation routes.

How to Pack an Emergency Survival Kit

Evacuations are happening during most hurricanes, and you should always understand that with all of the different natural disasters in place, it’s never too early to talk to your family about the emergency plans.  The emergency go-bag should always be one of the primary focuses of this discussion of course.

Now, depending on the area you live in, some of the natural disasters include tornadoes, wildfires, hurricanes, flooding, earthquakes, even terrorist attacks are all things to consider.  You should pack for all of these. You should build an emergency supply kit not just for temporary means, but also something you can grab right away when you need it.

Your Basics

Minimally, you should always have food, water, a battery or a hand-cranked radio, batteries, a flashlight, and a first aid kit.  From there, you should also build it based on how many people you have in your home, or pets as well.

Water is your first thing you should have on hand. Stock away, and purchase pouches of water or potable water in the event of an emergency.  It’s best to carry you the filtration system, and you should make sure that you minimally have a filer as long as you have access to water that runs.  If you’re someone who wants to stash gallons of water, then great, but the thing is, I’s so much easier with a basic water filtration system.

Water purification tablets are a weightless alternative, but again, you will need a lot of these, whereas the filtration system might be good if you already have everything.

You should make sure that you have three days’ worth of food, whether it be survival food bars that contain your daily calorie limit, or just a few cliff bars or other energy bars if you want something that’s a little more palatable.

Lighting and a Whistle

Like they always say, let there be light, and tea candles and flashlights are probably the best for a home or dwelling if you need t a lot of light in places.

However, fi the space is compact, and you need your hands, you should minimally get a headlamp.

Some people don’t even realize how important lights are, but at night, even small problems will become bigger problems if you don’t know what you’re doing. Flashlights are handy, but headlamps are your best. You can get about 200 hours of light on these too.

You also should minimally have a whistle. This is more important for those survival situations where you’re lost, especially if you can’t get cellular service, or the battery poops out. Signal whistles are great for alerting others of your location, and are wonderful for locating other people if the situation becomes a hazard.

Dust Mark and Solar Chargers

Two things that people don’t usually remember are these. But, in events where you’re working with structures, the debris, the fumes, or even gas leaks can cause respiratory issues. In the event of a fire, it can also affect your ability to breathe. Surgical or painter’s masks usually work well if you’re on a budget, but there are also other models that are a bit pricier that will filter out a lot of the little particulates, and they tend to last longer. Look at what you need to filter out the air best, and then buy the mask that you’ll use.

Solar chargers are another one that you should use, and oftentimes, they can charge your devices such as phones and tablets with a days’ worthof fun. Rechargeable battery packs are your best option, and it’s a good thing to have on hand. But, one of the downsides to these types of chargers s that you may have outdated and old batteries, so you can definitely make it so that you have the right batteries on hand in the event that you might lose power.

There are also other items that you might need too, especially medications and prescriptions, especially those that are used to keep you alive, along with medical items that might be necessary, such as blood pressure monitors and glucose monitors that you might need. Diabetes especially will need this too, and if you have glasses, pack a spare if you can, have sanitary napkins and towelettes, paper maps of your locale, tweezers, scissors, some duct tape, watches that are wind resistant, change, cash, and traveler’s checks in the event shat you may have to travel a little bit in order to stay safe.

What about for One Person

For those of us who are alone, you have to be prepared. The goal for the singular person is to find friends and family, and you should have both evacuation and communication plan, and you should sit down with the family and discuss it out, and also share with colleagues and friends what you need in the event that something was to happen, such as someone outside your immediately family is a able to track you down.

Along with the basics, there are a few things that those who are alone needed to have on hand.

First, you need a multi-tool, and they can do everything from help you with first aid to even making fires and repairing your electronics.  You can get one that comes with a sharp knife, a pair of pliers, and some tweezers or even a can opener in many cases.  You should look for one that you can use for pretty much any situation. The immense power of these is amazing to behold, and you should realize what it is that you’re using in each case.

You should also have extra clothing. Pack for the climate with the weather you experience the most. From another coat and gloves to even more walking shoes.  You’ll want to make sure that you have a base layer, insulation layers such as puffy jackets or a fleece hooded sweatshirt or vest, and then finally the wind and rain-resistant, but along with that breathable, layers as well. Have all of this on hand, especially if you live in a place that’s susceptible to these types of emergencies.

Finally, we discussed this before, but you need a weather or emergency radio that can tune to both AM and FM signals along with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration channel. In the event of emergencies, especially those with weather related concerns, the radio is your best one for weather partners, orders of evacuation, or even news from your local authorities. Portable, powered radios are great for keeping yourself connected with the world outside, even if you’re in a shelter or stuck in a cellar. There are so many different types, and they can work based off a battery, hand crank, solar energy, or even USBs.

No matter what you get though, this is the basics that you should have on hand. For families, you might want to consider other items such as mylar blankets for everyone, bleach to help keep everything that’s in your home and to treat waters, and waterproof containers for everyone’s valuable documents. This is all very important.

Have all this on hand, and you’ll be ready for everything.

Preparing For Drought by Learning to Conserve Water

If we look at the per capita water use, we will see the western states consuming more water than other regions in the US. Out of ten states with the highest per capita water, nine are the western states. The main reason for this higher water consumption is the land irrigation. And it would be worth mentioning that western states see less rainfall as compared to other states. In these states, the water use averages about 130 gallons per person per day.In the rest of the United States, this number is 89 gallons per person per day.

In this scenario, the best way to converse water, if you are living in the west, is to water less. Even in summers, lawns and gardens can be maintained well if they get half inch of water per week. The water requirement gets even lesser in autumn and winter. If you see that water is running down the gutter, you are probably using too much water. You can get information from Ready.gov for landscape watering which mainly includes planting drought tolerant plants and the plants grouping based on how much water each of the group may need.

Next thing that you are going to have to keep in mind is the mechanism to reduce water consumption by repairing leaks. According to Ready.gov, one drop per second leads to the wastage of 2,700 gallons of water per year. In many situations, the leak repair work is as smaller and easier as replacing a washer in the faucet. Moreover, you are also going to have to check plumbing for water leaks.

Reduction of the indoor water use is the next thing that you need to do if you want to conserve water. According to a survey, an average family in the US uses 300 gallons of water per day. And about 70 percent of that water is used indoors.

The indoor use of water mainly consists of flushing in the toilet and bathing. While older toilers use 4 gallons of water per flush, newer models use 1.6 gallons. However, either model tends to use more water if it leaks. You need to check for the leak if you hear water running between the flushes.

You also need to check the shower heads. Look at the number written on the shower head. The number will be like 1.0gpm or 1.5gpm. GPM refers to ‘gallons per minute’. This number denotes the maximum flow the shower head allows. Older shower heads allow up to 5 gallons of water to flow out in a minute. On the other hand, the water saving shower heads allow a flow of 2 gallons of water per minute. Therefore, it is quite necessary to replace older shower heads with the new ones.

These are a few measures that can help you to save water for a drought situation. As a matter of fact, a general conservation of water can help prevent a drought situation.

Things You Need To Know About Emergency Survival Kits

According to the basic definition, an emergency survival kit is the set of household items which you may need during an emergency situation. A few items in the kits may vary from person to person due to personal preferences but majority of items are usually the same.

What you need to know about emergency survival kit is that it is your only way to survive during times of crisis and disaster. The main purpose of this kit is to help you prevent majority of difficulties during difficult times.As long as your basic necessities are being fulfilled, you should be able to survive an emergency situation. This is the main purpose of an emergency survival kit.

Items that should be present in an emergency survival kit

First, you are going to have to focus on the items that you need to survive. These survival items are surely your foods and water. But that is just the start. There are a lot of other items that fall under the category of essentials. The essential items include:

  • Water
  • Food
  • Radio
  • Flashlight
  • First aid kit
  • Whistle
  • Moist towel paper and garbage bags
  • Dust mask
  • Can opener
  • Maps
  • Cell phone charger and a decent way to produce electricity (i.e. solar charger)

All these items help you not only in surviving during difficult times but also to stay updated about the disaster situation. You should also be able to call for help using some of these items.

What needs to be done with the kit?

The main purpose of emergency survival kit is to provide you necessary items to use in the time of emergency. It means that these items need to be ready to use at that time. If your kit has remained unused for years, there is a mighty chance that most of the items in the kits are going to be unfit for use. Flashlight batteries can become dead and the foods can spoil badly. Best thing that you can do in these scenarios is to make sure that you update your survival kit twice n every year.

Keeping the kit handy

Ideally, you need to keep an eye on the weather situation. There are services that can tell when a disaster is expected to strike. Make sure that you have proper way to remain updated about those estimates. Using this knowledge, you can keep your emergency survival kit at the place from where you can access it easily. In many situations, disaster gives no time to make preparations. Therefore, it is ideal to keep the kit in ready state.

Make sure that you have a separate kit ready in the home, office, and school.

Items That Need To Be Put In Family Emergency Kit

Emergency preparedness is important to ensure your safety during any emergency situation. In this scenario, one of the most important things to take into consideration is the preparation of an emergency survival kit.

While it is ideal for every individual in the family to have a separate emergency survival kit, preparing these kits might not work out for many families from the perspective of their finances. In this scenario, it is pretty much important to prepare a large emergency kit for the entire family.

Although survival kits are prepared with a concept that you can carry them anywhere, it is not practically easy to actually carry these kitseverywhere you want. So, it is very important to make sure that your kit is not quite stuffed to be difficult to move. And at the same time, it needs to be large enough to ensure effective survival of your entire family for 3 days.

So, it is worth mentioning what you need to put in your family emergency kit.

Food

Food needs to be your number one priority while preparing an emergency survival kit. And while putting food in the kit, you have to make sure that you are not just keeping the quantity of food in consideration but you are also paying attention to the daily calorie-count for each of your family members. For this purpose, you will need to note down the calorie needs and gather the food items based on this calorie count.

You are going to have to make sure that you get non-perishable foods only while preparing an emergency survival kit. Dried fruits and nuts, trail mix, high-calorie energy bars, and granola bars should be added in abundance.

Infant formula and diapers

If you have got infants with you, you have got to make sure that you have enough of the infant formula for their sustenance. Moreover, you are going to have to put enough diapers in the kit to meet your infants’ 72-hour needs. And make sure that you are not putting cloth diapers in the kit. While your children may be potty-trained, they might not be able to cope with the stressful situations. You will have to keep their requirements in mind as well.

Hygiene supplies

Personal hygiene of every person is quite important no matter wherever they live. Therefore, keeping washcloths, wipes, toiletries and spare toothbrushes in the emergency survival kit is very important.

Important documents

Important documents mainly include birth certificates, social security cards and passports. Make sure that you have kept these documents in waterproof bags.

Water

While we are mentioning water in the last part of this article, it is one of the most important items to keep. As a rule of thumb, there should be one gallon of water per day for one individual. If your family is based on 4 members, you are going to have to keep 12 gallons of water in the 72-hour family kit. And if you are heading to an area where there is abundance of water, such as a water stream, you only need to have a water purifier.

Tips To Protect Your Pets from Wildfire

Wildfire and other types of disasters are as dangerous for the pets as they are for the humans. As a matter of fact, animals can be the biggest victims here because they cannot do much to protect themselves in advance. In this scenario, it is worth talking about the incident of wildfire that happened in San Luis Rey Downs Training Center in San Diego Countyon December 10, 2017. 46 racehorses died and a trainer was injured due to this wildfire.

Although animal control officers worked well to evacuate the animals to prevent an even bigger damage, they struggled a lot because people were not quite prepared to save their animals.

The reason to discuss this matter is that people normally do not pay proper attention to their pets while getting prepared for emergency situations. Since pets are considered family members, they need to be saved from disasters and transported out safely from the area of impact.

Talking about the incident mentioned above, Ventura County Animal Services field operations supervisor Brian Bray told Ventura County Star: “What we’ve noticed is a lot of transportation issues as far as livestock and large animals, people not having enough trailers or not being able to get them out quickly enough.

It is worth asking here if you have a pet carrier. If you have one, how big is it? According to the recommendation by The Humane Society of the United States, the carrier needs to be large enough to allow the pet to stand, turn around and lie down comfortably. Small pets can be secured using small cages with blankets, towels and other species-specific protective items. To make the pet’s company more stress-free, you can bring pet’s bed and toys.

There are times when you and your family members are away from home and your area is struck by a disaster. For such situations, you need to request your neighbors in advance to take care of your pets. You can give them the key and show them where your pets are going to be during your absence.

Since many of the shelters do not allow pets, you can take get to your relatives or friends living in the safe locations. That’s where you can live with your pets without any worry.Humane Society of the United States has the similar recommendation for the pet owners in this regard.

Another way is to search for the pet-friendly hotels beforehand. You can search for these hotels online. However, you need to keep it in mind that these hotels may charge you extra for the pets.

Another important thing to consider is the pet food. Make sure that you have 5 days’ worth of foods for your pets in your emergency survival kit. This food storage also includes water. Also include garbage bags in the kit to deal with the pet wastes. Moreover, it is quite important to have first aid for pets.

Dealing With the Early Arrival of Hurricanes

If you host parties at home, you know how to make preparations before the guest arrive. But sometimes, there is one guest who tries to arrive early just to make sure that you are not able to make full preparation for the other guests.

There is a lot of similarity between such parties and hurricane season. You make preparation for entire season but you do not see that one storm coming quite early. This storm or hurricane can catch you at the moment when you are not ready; and it can be pretty disastrous.

Good thing is that National Hurricane Center has updated measures to know about the early arrivers before they hit an area. Knowing the details released by NHC can help you stay prepared for the hurricanes beforehand. In this scenario, it would worth sharing the tips to stay prepared to deal with the hurricanes.

Emergency Kit

Hurricanes can be quick and disastrous. And you might not find it a good idea to stay in the home. In such scenarios, leaving the danger zone seems the best bet. In this situation, you need to be ready to live away without getting into a lot of trouble. That’s where you are going to need an emergency survival kit. The items which need to be always present in your emergency survival kit include blankets, flashlights (including spare batteries) and a fully updated first aid kit. Make sure that you have at least three worth of food ready in the survival kit. You can consider having non-perishable foods in the kit.

Securing the property

First of all, you need to bring the outside furniture and other items like bicycles into the home interior. Cover your windows using storm shutters. If you do not have storm shutters, you can use plywood sheets to fully cover the windows. Trees and shrubs in in your home can be quite helpful here. Make sure that they are properly trimmed. The branches of the trees can be quite helpful in keeping your home’s exterior safe from the impact of strong hurricane winds.

Emergency evacuation plan

Many communities, which are at a risk of being struck by hurricanes, have hurricane evacuation routes. Make sure that you have learnt those routes. You can teach those routes to your children because hurricane is an emergency situation in which every individual has to act right on his/her own.

Communication

Effective communication can help you a lot during emergency survival, especially when you are not with your family. Have to make sure that you have a robust communication plan to specifically deal with the emergency situation. Have your kids memorize your phone number and make sure that you have contact details of your relatives living out of the town.

Buying Home In a Flood Zone – Things You Need To Know

As a homebuyer, your goal is to find a dream home. You may be able to find such a home and it may also lie in the price range of your expectations. But there is one problem that looks quite bothersome, i.e. it is situation in a flood zone.

At this time, you need to look at the options that you can avail. You will need to have better understanding about making a decision whether or not this home is right for you. A few tips are worth mentioning in this scenario.

Consider the type of flood zone the home is in

Not every area in a flood zone is at the risk of severe flooding. By doing a little research, it will be easier for you to know that many of the homes and neighborhoods are located in a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood zone. It also includes the homes which are at a minimal risk of getting affected by the flood. You don’t need to be alarmed if the home you are looking for is located in a zone X or C.These are the zones with lowest risk.

The zones with highest risk of flooding are labeled as A or V.Do your research and if you have found a home in these areas, it would be better not to consider buying home in such area.

The year the home was built

It is better to refer to the topographic map created by FEMA in order to have better understanding about the level of risk and hazard within a floodplain. Such kinds of maps basically tell about the zoning areas and construction plans. Based on this information, construction companies can avoid building homes in high risk zones.

These maps are usually updated on regular basis. The reason for bringing this update in the map is to spot any change in the zone. For instance, any home built in the low risk area might become unfit to live in if the area is found to have become vulnerable to high risk of flooding.

Low risk is still a risk

While you may not consider the word ‘low risk’ something that raises an alarm, low risk is still a risk to be kept in mind. Many people do not make proper arrangements to deal with the flooding even if they know they their home is located in a low risk zone. It can turn out to be a serious mistake. Make sure that you have prepared your home for the floods.

Earthquake Survival Kit for the People Unable To Move

Earthquake is an emergency situation in which things can get quite serious for the people living in the affected area. Lack of preparedness and lack of action at the time of need can increase fatality rate in an earthquake situation. While normal people can respond to such situations in a pretty efficient manner, real issues are for the people with mobility issues.And it is worth mentioning here that earthquake preparedness requirements for people with mobility issues are pretty different from those for normal people who can act fast.

Earthquake preparedness is different for people with disabilities

Earthquake can hit any area at any time. In these situations, mobility issues as well as other disabilities can make thing even more complicated. Therefore, it is pretty much important to be prepared for any unforeseen circumstances.

For people with disability, it is pretty much important to get to safety and evacuating during an earthquake.

One of the solutions during an emergency situation is to drop on the floor, find a cover and hold the position until the earthquake is over. However, the people who have injuries in their backs are rarely able to get out of the cover once the earthquake is over.

If you have such disability and you know that you cannot do things on your own, there are some guidelines that you will find very helpful.

  • Be in contact with a personal support network (PSN). Make sure that they at walking distance and they have quicker access to your home during the emergency situation.
  • You need to properly assess your situation. Can you move even on a wheelchair? Do you have enough to eat and drink? Is your wheelchair an electric one? If your home wheelchair friendly? Can you reach the exit points in an efficient manner?
  • Your plan needs to involve rendezvous points, contact other people, getting to the escape routes, and taking care of your pets if you have any.
  • Make sure that you have an emergency survival kit ready.

Assembling a survival kit for earthquake

If you ask disaster experts, they will advise you to have at least 7 days’ worth of supplies. The items that should be in your earthquake survival kit mainly include the following:

  • Nonperishable foods
  • Enough water: the general rule of keeping water in emergency survival kit is that there should be one gallon for one person per day.
  • A first aid kit which needs to include essential as well as prescription medications
  • A sleeping bag
  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Good quality knife and a knife opener
  • Copies of your personal documents which are important
  • Enough cash to spend during the days in which you have to ensure your survival
  • Warm clothes
  • Map of the area
  • Hygiene items including toiletries
  • Water purification kit
  • Face mask

What to do during an earthquake

During an earthquake, you need find a safe spot in your home and get their as soon as you can. Lock the wheels of wheelchair and cover your head with your arms. Wait for the shaking to stop. If you cannot find a safe spot, just try to get as much cushioning as you can to ensure safety of your neck and head. Pillows and blankets can be quite helpful in this regard.